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Vijaya Shukla, Yingmei Ma, and Emily Merewitz

) using a 19-cm probe connected to a data logger (TDR 100; Spectrum Technologies). The TDR probe was inserted into the upper portion of the soil during monitoring. To determine relative water content of the leaves (RWC), five to 10 fully expanded mature

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Sanalkumar Krishnan, Kevin Laskowski, Vijaya Shukla, and Emily B. Merewitz

relative water content, osmotic adjustment, and cell wall extensibility under drought stress and a lower rate of recovery from drought stress ( Chai et al., 2010 ). Evidence such as this indicates perennial ryegrass is a relatively drought-sensitive grass

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Yiwei Jiang, Yu Cui, Zhongyong Pei, Huifen Liu, and Shoujun Sun

uppermost leaf blade, regardless of cutting events. LW was measured at the widest point of the most mature leaf. LRWC and stem relative water content (SRWC) were determined according to the following equation: RWC = (FW − DW)/(SW − DW) × 100%, where FW is

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Yiming Liu, Hongmei Du, Kai Wang, Bingru Huang, and Zhaolong Wang

, distilled water was supplied to compensate the transpiration loss by weighing the pots daily. Measurement of turf quality, relative water content, and electrolyte leakage. Turf quality, leaf RWC, and EL were measured to compare overall turf performance under

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Jinyu Wang, Patrick Burgess, Stacy A. Bonos, William A. Meyer, and Bingru Huang

49% to 77% or 51% to 63%, respectively. Fig. 9. Relative water content (%) of ( A ) chewings fescue, ( B ) hard fescue, ( C ) sheep fescue and slender creeping red fescue, and ( D ) strong creeping red fescue as affected by drought stress compared

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Longxing Hu, Tao Hu, Xunzhong Zhang, Huancheng Pang, and Jinmin Fu

), t is time period (days), T is absolute Tr (grams per day), i is replicate 1, 2, …, n, and j is control 1, 2, …, m. The relative Tr of controls is always set at 100%. Leaf relative water content was determined using fully expanded leaves (≈0.15 g) per

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Qin Shi, Yunlong Yin, Zhiquan Wang, Wencai Fan, Jinbo Guo, and Jianfeng Hua

·g −1 ( Fig. 2D ). Fig. 2. Root vigor ( A ), relative water content (RWC, B ), proline ( C ), and abscisic acid (ABA, D ) of T . 406 plants under different treatments. Data are mean ± se ( n = 4). Different lowercase letters indicate significant

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Jingjin Yu, Mengxian Liu, Zhimin Yang, and Bingru Huang

during drought stress is in association with OA and morphological indexes, which is discussed below. Fig. 4. Changes in leaf relative water content (RWC) in zoysiagrass and kentucky bluegrass exposed to 20-d drought stress and 6-d rewatering. Vertical

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Michelle DaCosta and Bingru Huang

, senesced, and desiccated turf; 9 = fully turgid, green, and dense turf). A rating of 6 indicated the minimum acceptable turf quality based on these parameters ( Morris, 2001 ). Leaf relative water content (RWC) was determined weekly using 10 to 15 fully

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Safwan Shiyab

the same letter are not significantly different at the 5% level. Fig. 2. Relationship between relative water content (RWC) of shoots of sour orange ( Citrus aurantium L.) and chromium (Cr) concentration in soil. Vertical bars represent ± sd. Values