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Charles F. Forney

, and storage environment. Postharvest loss of cranberry fruit is primarily the result of physiological breakdown and decay ( Forney, 2003 ). Physiological breakdown is associated with overmature fruit ( Doughty et al., 1968 ), bruising ( Patterson et

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Carolina Contreras, Nihad Alsmairat, and Randy Beaudry

, firmness, and SSC. The remainder were covered in LDPE bags as previously described and held for 7 d at 20 °C and afterward assessed for external and internal disorder incidence. External physiological disorders such as soft scald, lenticel breakdown, and

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Cindy B.S. Tong, Hsueh-Yuan Chang, Jennifer K. Boldt, Yizhou B. Ma, Jennifer R. DeEll, Renae E. Moran, Gaétan Bourgeois, and Dominique Plouffe

similar cortical browning disorders, called “internal breakdown,” “internal browning,” and “low-temperature breakdown,” have been described for other apple cultivars ( Faust and Williams, 1969 ; Smock, 1977 ; Meheriuk et al., 1994 ), but it is not clear

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Yosef Al Shoffe, Abdul Sattar Shah, Jacqueline F. Nock, and Christopher B. Watkins

‘Honeycrisp’ apples can be highly susceptible to the development of low temperature storage disorders such as soft scald (an external injury) and soggy breakdown (an internal injury) ( Lachapelle et al., 2013 , 2017 ; Tong et al., 2003 ; Wargo

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Celia M. Cantín, Carlos H. Crisosto, and Kevin R. Day

loss of flavor and its extent is genotype affected ( Crisosto et al., 1999 ; Dodd, 1984 ; Taylor et al., 1995 ). These storage symptoms are called internal breakdown or chilling injury (CI). Gel breakdown is a gelatinous appearance of the flesh

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C.B. Watkins and F.W. Liu

) , in which affected tissues remain firm and juicy and the disorder is distinct from senescent breakdown. This flesh browning is assumed to be a chilling injury (CI) ( Snowden, 1990 ). In ‘Empire’ apples, the disorder typically becomes apparent in May

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Corina Serban, Lee Kalcsits, Jennifer DeEll, and James P. Mattheis

, leather blotch, lenticel breakdown, senescent browning, core browning, internal browning, cavities, greasiness, soft scald, and soggy breakdown) are reported as incidence. Bitter pit was determined as surface lesions <5 mm in diameter with underlying brown

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Renae Moran, Jennifer DeEll, and Cindy B.S. Tong

index is also influenced by crop load and weather in addition to fruit maturity ( Serra et al., 2016 ; Smith et al., 1979 ). An increase in internal ethylene concentration (IEC) and ethylene production have been useful for determining when to complete

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James P. Mattheis

Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism of apples (watercore, internal breakdown, low temperature and carbon dioxide injuries) Bot. Rev. 35 168 194 Kupferman, E. 2003 Controlled atmosphere storage of apples and pears Acta Hort

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Rachel Leisso, Ines Hanrahan, and Jim Mattheis

Apple storage investigations fourth progress report. I. Jonathan-spot and soft scald. II. Apple-scald and internal breakdown. Iowa Agr. Expt. Sta. Bul. 222 Robinson, T. Lopez, S. 2009 Cropload and nutrition affect Honeycrisp apple quality New York Fruit