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Xiao-Juan Wei, Jinlin Ma, Kai-Xiang Li, Xiao-Jing Liang, and Haiying Liang

isomers and formulations of PBZ consist of a mixture of two stereoisomers, each with its own unique biological activity ( Lurssen, 1988 ). One isoform targets the ecdysis of insects and fungal sterols, whereas the other inhibits gibberellin (GA

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Derek W. Barchenger, John R. Clark, Renee T. Threlfall, Luke R. Howard, and Cindi R. Brownmiller

sterol inhibitor) were applied with a backpack sprayer every 14 d beginning when the fruit was ≈3 to 5 mm in diameter and after ≈400 growing degree units were accumulated beginning 1 Jan. The muscadines were once-over hand-harvested. Harvest date

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Yonghong Guo, Matthew Kramer, and Margaret Pooler

.W. 2006 Occurrence, distribution, and polymerase chain reaction-based detection of resistance to sterol demethylation inhibitor fungicides in populations of Blumeriella jaapii in Michigan Phytopathology 96 709 717 Pscheidt, J.W. Byther, R.S. 2001 Prunus

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Karl Guillard and John C. Inguagiato

, anthocyanin, total polar lipid fatty acids and total free sterols, zeatin riboside, and ascorbic acid ( Doak et al., 2005 ; Ervin et al., 2004a , 2004b ; Goatley and Schmidt, 1990 ; Yan et al., 1997 ; Zhang and Ervin, 2004 , 2008 ; Zhang and Schmidt

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Barrett R. Gruber, Libby R.R. Davies, and Patricia S. McManus

, ferbam, and various sterol demethylation inhibitors (DMIs) and strobilurins. Strains of B. jaapii resistant to benzimidazole fungicides (e.g., benomyl) were detected in the late 1970s ( Jones and Ehret, 1980 ). Subsequently, DMI fungicides have been

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Thomas E. Marler and Gil N. Cruz

39 1 9 Marler, T.E. Shaw, C.A. 2009 Free and glycosylated sterol bioaccumulation in developing Cycas micronesica seeds Food Chem. 115 615 619 Marler, T.E. Shaw, C.A. 2010 Distribution of free and glycosylated sterols within Cycas micronesica

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Kaori Ando and Rebecca Grumet

fruit library predicted to be associated with import of water, photoassimilates, and cell expansion. An additional, very highly expressed gene in the 8 DPP fruit was highly homologous to 24-sterol C-methyltransferase 1 ( SMT1 ) (76% identity, 90

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Amir Rezazadeh, Richard L. Harkess, and Guihong Bi

relations, sterol composition and plasma membrane ATPase in white spruce ( Picea glauca ) seedlings Physiol. Plant. 97 747 753 Sairam, R.K. Shukla, D.S. Deshmukh, P.S. 1995 Effect of triazole-triadimefon on tolerance to moisture stress in wheat ( Triticum

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Nathaniel A. Mitkowski and Arielle Chaves

Demethylation inhibitor fungicides [also known as sterol inhibitor fungicides, belonging to the Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) Code Group #3 ( FRAC, 2012 )] are widely used on turfgrasses throughout the United States. These fungicides

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Nagehan D. Köycü, John E. Stenger, and Harlene M. Hatterman-Valenti

, D. Brown, M. Ellis, M. Williams, R.N. Doohan, D. 2005 Midwest grape production guide. Ohio State Univ. Ext. Publ. 919–05 Erickson, E.O. Wilcox, W.F. 1997 Distributions and sensitivities to three sterol demethylation inhibitor fungicides among