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Yaser Hassan Dewir, Abdulhakim A. Aldubai, Rashid Sultan Al-Obeed, Salah El-Hendawy, Mayada Kadri Seliem, and Khadija Rabeh Al-Harbi

. Germplasm conservation through plant tissue culture techniques therefore provides means to conserve this endangered plant. Literature Cited Agrawal, V. Sardar, P.R. 2007 In vitro regeneration through somatic embryogenesis and organogenesis using cotyledons

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Zahra Noormohammadi, Mehdi Hosseini-Mazinani, Isabel Trujillo, Luis Rallo, Angjelina Belaj, and Majid Sadeghizadeh

showed the use of SSR markers in identification and discrimination of the olive cultivars under study. Attempts have been started to improve and develop olive germplasm collection and olive orchards in Iran. Programs such as identification of germplasm

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Rose Palumbo, Wai-Foong Hong, Guo-Liang Wang, Jinguo Hu, Richard Craig, James Locke, Charles Krause, and David Tay

( Ravindra et al., 2004 ) and genetic transformation ( Hassanein et al., 2005 ; Winkelmann et al., 2005 ). The United States' floricultural industry ranked Pelargonium as one of the three most important floral species for germplasm conservation ( Tay

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Christopher M. Richards, Gayle M. Volk, Patrick A. Reeves, Ann A. Reilley, Adam D. Henk, Philip L. Forsline, and Herb S. Aldwinckle

, J. Taba, S. Shands, H. 2005 A sampling strategy for conserving genetic diversity when forming core subsets Crop Sci. 45 1035 1044 Frankel, O.H. 1984 Genetic perspectives on germplasm

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Mirko Siragusa, Fabio De Pasquale, Loredana Abbate, Letizia Martorana, and Nicasio Tusa

ecological (maintaining rare genes) and cultural (saving landraces) reasons. Analysis of the genetic variability of lemon landraces and organization of a molecular characterization system could form the basis for future germplasm conservation programs and

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George E. Boyhan, Suzzanne Tate, Ryan McNeill, and Jeffrey McConnaughey

. The National Association of Plant Breeders (NAPB) recommendations for improving germplasm lists field-based plant breeding capacities, second only to germplasm conservation as goals for the next 5 years ( NAPB, 2011 ). In a review article, Lammerts

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Keith O. Fuglie

. The questionnaire included sections for describing priority needs for crop improvement (breeding), vegetative propagation, crop management (including pests, disease, soil, and water), germplasm conservation, postharvest and marketing, impact assessment

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Esther Giraldo, Margarita Lopez-Corrales, and Jose Ignacio Hormaza

diversity. This resulted in a reduction of the initial number of 209 accessions to 104 referenced cultivars. Further work with other fig germplasm collections is required to establish common criteria for cultivar naming and optimizing fig germplasm

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Luping Qu and Mark P. Widrlechner

not be overlooked in ex situ germplasm conservation ( Sackville Hamilton et al., 2003 ).Variation in plant sexual breeding systems ranges from cleistogamy and in-bud pollination, mechanisms to ensure self-pollination, to mechanisms that foster cross

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Kadir Uğurtan Yılmaz, Sezai Ercişli, Bayram Murat Asma, Yıldız Doğan, and Salih Kafkas

, germplasm conservation, and construction of core collections in Prunus . Literature Cited Aradhya, M.K. Weeks, C. Simon, C.W. 2004 Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L