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Eliezer E. Goldschmidt

press ). The fingered phenotype results from a unique developmental malformation, whereas in normal citrus fruit, the hesperidium berry consists of united, radially arranged carpels; in the fingered citron, the carpels develop as separate, elongated

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Yuee Tian, Zhiping Che, Di Sun, Jiaxuan He, Shengming Liu, and Xiaomin Lin

. Effects of five fungicides on germ tube elongation of B. cinerea isolated from tree peony. Fig. 2. Effects of five fungicides on germ tube elongation and malformation of B. cinerea on tree peony. ( A ) Carbendazim. ( B ) Procymidone. ( C

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Tori Lee Jackson, Mark G. Hutton, and David T. Handley

exhibit severed silks, suggesting that the oils, not the Bt , were responsible for the injury. This suggests phytotoxicity played some role in the malformation of ears treated with oil, perhaps interfering with pollination or injuring developing kernels

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Jayesh B. Samtani, John B. Masiunas, and James E. Appleby

( Phaseolus vulgaris L.) caused leaf and stem elongation and leaf malformation, including cupping and crinkling ( Behrens and Lueschen, 1979 ; Lyon and Wilson, 1986 ). The impact of herbicide drift on native species is difficult to evaluate and quantify

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Marja Rantanen and Pauliina Palonen

was independent of both the treatment and the length of the chilling period. Malformation of leaves was observed during forcing in hot water-treated plants. At higher levels of chilling, hydrogen cyanamide caused phytotoxic symptoms; cane tips dried

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Mark E. Uchanski and Adam Blalock

pod yield in any environment resulting from ethephon application. In addition, pepper quality (number of unmarketable pods resulting from disorders, disease, malformation, or discoloration) was not significantly reduced with an application of ethephon

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Timothy K. Broschat

, affecting a series of successive leaves as they develop. As an immobile element, B deficiency causes leaflet fusion and malformation, truncation, and reduction in the size of newly emerging leaves ( Broschat, 2007a ; Corrado et al., 1992 ; Kamalakshiamma

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Nihat Guner, Zvezdana Pesic-VanEsbroeck, Luis A. Rivera-Burgos, and Todd C. Wehner

consist of mosaic, the presence of blisters and deformations on leaves, fruit malformation with a change in color, and plant stunting. In the field, PRSV-W outbreaks are quite difficult to control, leaving breeding for disease resistance as the most

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Deniz İnci, Liberty Galvin, Kassim Al-Khatib, and Ahmet Uludağ

populations, but the severity of symptoms was greater on KEPKO-1, the susceptible population. Chlorsulfuron symptoms were chlorosis and leaf malformation followed by necrosis. When EYSAL-1, EYSAL-2, and EYYAP-3 populations were treated with chlorsulfuron at

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Asma Alhussein Alawaadh, Yaser Hassan Dewir, Mona S. Alwihibi, Abdulhakim A. Aldubai, Salah El-Hendawy, and Yougasphree Naidoo

liquid culture. However, no symptoms of necrosis, hyperhydricity, or malformation were observed in the present study. Table 5. Effect of culture type on shoot multiplication and growth of lacy tree philodendron after 6 weeks of culture on Murashige and