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John E. Montoya Jr., Michael A. Arnold, Juliana Rangel, Larry R. Stein, and Marco A. Palma

originating in Texas that is known for its butterfly-attracting season-long blooms ( Texas Superstar Program, 2016 ). Sea oxeye ( Borrichia frutescens ) is tolerant of periodic flooding and salty high pH soils; it is a small evergreen to semi-evergreen shrub

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Gabriele Amoroso, Piero Frangi, Riccardo Piatti, Francesco Ferrini, Alessio Fini, and Marco Faoro

splaying the bottom two-thirds of the root ball (butterfly pruning) ( Gouin, 1983 ; Harris, 1992 ). Recently, root shaving has been introduced as a method of correcting root malformations ( Gilman et al., 2010b ). To reduce the incidence of deformed roots

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Sandra B. Wilson and Gary W. Knox

counties) ( Wunderlin and Hansen, 2008 ). It is listed as invasive in California and Arizona, and as a noxious weed in Hawaii ( Poulin et al., 2007 ; Staples et al., 2000 ; USDA, 2008 ; Williams et al., 2002 ). As an extremely aggressive colonizer, it is

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Jayesh B. Samtani, Curt R. Rom, Heather Friedrich, Steven A. Fennimore, Chad E. Finn, Andrew Petran, Russell W. Wallace, Marvin P. Pritts, Gina Fernandez, Carlene A. Chase, Chieri Kubota, and Brad Bergefurd

from 20,000–38,000 lb/acre per year ( Petran et al., 2017 ). It is believed that reduced weed competition due to the plastic mulch, reduced fungal pressure under low tunnel coverings, and more vigorous genetics in the recent cultivars will lead to

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David M. Czarnecki II, Sandra B. Wilson, Gary W. Knox, Rosanna Freyre, and Zhanao Deng

Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae) is native to the West Indies ( Sanders, 2001 ) and was introduced to most tropical regions by 1900 ( Howard, 1969 ). Plants of this species produce showy flowers year-round, attract numerous species of butterflies

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Augusto Ramírez-Godoy, María del Pilar Vera-Hoyos, Natalia Jiménez-Beltrán, and Hermann Restrepo-Díaz

according to the recommendations of Orduz-Rodríguez and Mateus (2012) for commercial citrus management in Colombia, which included rowcover crop maintenance, weed removal, nutrient management (15N–6.5P–12.5K fertilizer at 200 g/tree), and fungicide

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Mohammed I. Fetouh, Abdul Kareem, Gary W. Knox, Sandra B. Wilson, and Zhanao Deng

escaped cultivation in 10 states in the United States ( Munger, 2003 ; Wilson et al., 2014 ) and is also a weed in Australia ( Panetta, 2000 ), New Zealand ( Miller and Henzell, 2000 ), and Argentina ( Hoyos et al., 2010 ). Japanese privet ( L. japonicum

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Yuan-Yu Chang, Wei-Chia Su, I-Chun Tang, and Chun-Yen Chang

identification, plant anatomy, choosing the suitability of vegetables, tool usage, soil preparation, fertilizer application, transplanting plants, seed sowing, watering, weeding, pest control, observing plant growth and flowering, harvesting, and record keeping

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Tanja Mucha-Pelzer, Reinhard Bauer, Ekkehard Scobel, and Christian Ulrichs

large white butterfly ( Pieris brassicae L.). These insects were chosen because they are serious pests of cruciferous crops in Europe ( Kristensen, 1994 ; Schellhorn and Sork, 1997 ; Wang et al., 2009 ). All of the experiments were conducted on pak

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Rukundo Placide, Hussein Shimelis, Mark Laing, and Daphrose Gahakwa

constraints of sweetpotato production in almost all the major sweetpotato-producing regions. Sweetpotato weevils and butterflies were the main pests of sweetpotato, whereas drought stress was the most important abiotic stress in Uganda ( Bashaasha et al., 1995