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Patricio A. Brevis, Nahla V. Bassil, James R. Ballington, and James F. Hancock

unknown) were considered for this analysis (38 historical NHB, 23 modern NHB, and 35 SHB). Pedigree-based clustering analysis. Pedigree-based genetic distances among SHB cultivars were calculated by subtracting disomic coancestry coefficients from

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Hua Wang, Dong Pei, Rui-sheng Gu, and Bao-qing Wang

statistics ( Wright, 1978 ). Gene flow ( N m ) was estimated from N m = 0.25(1 − F ST )/ F ST ( Bossart and Prowell, 1998 ; Whitlock and McCauley, 1999 ). Nei's (1978) unbiased genetic distances were calculated for all population pairs and used

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Xiaobai Li, Weirui Li, Chenlu Di, Ming Xie, Liang Jin, Cheng Huang, and Dianxing Wu

Excoffier, 1999 ). Genetic distances among species were calculated using Nei’s distance ( Nei and Takezaki, 1983 ). A phylogenetic tree was constructed by NJ method. Both calculations were performed in PowerMarker version 2.7. The phylogenetic tree was

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Rohollah Karimi, Ahmad Ershadi, Kourosh Vahdati, and Keith Woeste

( Wright, 1978 ). Nei's (1978) unbiased genetic distances were calculated for all population pairs and used to construct a phylogenetic tree [unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA)]. All of these calculations were performed using

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Jian-Feng Geng, Cheng-Song Zhu, Xiao-Wei Zhang, Yan Cheng, Yuan-Ming Zhang, and Xi-Lin Hou

maternal parent SW-3. As an illustrative example, the results for both chi-square tests and the genetic distances between adjacent markers with and without considering segregation distortion for the eighth linkage group are listed in Table 4 . Results from

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Benard Yada, Gina Brown-Guedira, Agnes Alajo, Gorrettie N. Ssemakula, Robert O.M. Mwanga, and G. Craig Yencho

PIC estimates ( Weir, 1996 ) as where p i is the frequency of the i th allele among a total of l th alleles within a locus. Pairwise Jaccard genetic distances among the progeny and parents were calculated to generate a triangular matrix. This

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Vanina Cravero, Eugenia Martín, and Enrique Cointry

and less complicated than AFLPs ( Budak et al., 2004 ). The objectives of this research were to determine if SRAP markers could be used to evaluate genetic diversity in a C. cardunculus collection and to reveal the genetic distances between

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Shengping Zhang, Han Miao, Xing-fang Gu, Yuhong Yang, Bingyan Xie, Xiaowu Wang, Sanwen Huang, Yongchen Du, Rifei Sun, and Todd C. Wehner

genetic distance of 4.83 cM. Sun et al. (2006) reported a simple sequence repeat (SSR) primer, CSWCT02B, that was linked to the Ccu gene with genetic distance of 28.7 cM. Bradeen et al. (2001) identified one restricted fragment length polymorphism

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Tiantian Zhao, Wenxu Ma, Qinghua Ma, Zhen Yang, Lisong Liang, Guixi Wang, and Lujun Wang

’s genetic distance. Nm was estimated as Nm = 0.25 (1 − F st ) / F st ( Nei, 1972 ). The frequency of null alleles were calculated by CERVUS program version 3.07 ( Kalinowski et al., 2007 ). Cluster analysis conducted using the unweighted pair group

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Zhengwang Jiang, Feiyan Tang, Hongwen Huang, Hongju Hu, and Qiliang Chen

GenAlEx software. The power of discrimination ( PD =1 − ∑ pi 2 , where p i is the frequency of the i-th genotype ( Kloosterman et al., 1993 ), was also calculated for each locus. Nei et al.'s (1983) genetic distance ( D A ) between populations was