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Kalpana Sharma, Erica Goss, and Ariena H.C. van Bruggen

frequently introduced into Florida ( Buck and Ono, 2012 ; Momol, 2006 ) and become distributed throughout Florida and the United States through infected plant materials. Plant pathogens such as Puccinia hemerocallidis , the causal agent of daylily rust, and

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Akihiro Itai, Takaaki Igori, Naoko Fujita, Mayumi Egusa, Motoichiro Kodama, and Hideki Murayama

, powdery mildew, brown spot, and fire blight is an important breeding objective ( Bell et al., 1996 ). In Asian pears on the other hand, resistance against fungal diseases such as scab, rust, and black spot is receiving attention with resistance to black

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Jareerat Chunthawodtiporn, Theresa Hill, Kevin Stoffel, and Allen Van Deynze

. Leiderer, P. Deising, H.B. Bastmeyer, M. 1999 Optical measurements of invasive forces exerted by appressoria of a plant pathogenic fungus Science 285 5435 1143 1148 Bi, Y. Jiang, H. Hausbeck, M.K. Hao, J.J. 2012 Inhibitory effects of essential oils for

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Eric T. Wolske, Bruce E. Branham, and Kevin J. Wolz

an interesting history in the United States ( Hummer and Barney, 2002 ). Ribes spp. and white pines are part of a disease pathosystem caused by the fungus Cronartium ribicola ( Geils et al., 2010 ). White pines are infected only from basidiospores

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Richard H. Molinar

temperatures below 28 °F, which can kill the aboveground portion. Below this temperature, the plastic may not help. The only known pests attacking the leaves are a fungal rust and the sugarcane aphid. Stems are chopped or pressed and add a lemony flavor to many

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Cristian E. Loyola, John M. Dole, and Rebecca Dunning

were mentioned, including fungus, Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), viroids, and white rust, while fusarium was reported for carnation. Disease (unspecified) was also mentioned as an important problem in the production of alstroemeria and hydrangea by

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Tina P. Thomas, Madhurababu Kunta, John V. da Graça, Mamadou Sétamou, Mani Skaria, and Apurba Bhattacharya

10 mg·L −1 pimaricin, 200 mg·L −1 vancomycin, 100 mg·L −1 pentachloronitrobenzene, and 50 mg·L −1 hymexazole. A gel slice with Phytophthora hyphae was transferred to V8 juice medium for further growth of the fungus and incubated in an incubator

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Kyle M. VandenLangenberg and Todd C. Wehner

.D. Wehner, T.C. Klosinska, U. Kozik, E.U. 2012 Screening cucumber for resistance to downy mildew caused by Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berk. and Curt.) Rostov Crop Sci. 52 577 592 Chen, X.M. 2005 Epidemiology and control of stripe rust [ Puccinia

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Brooke C. Colburn, Shawn A. Mehlenbacher, Vidyasagar R. Sathuvalli, and David C. Smith

5 years, while older orchards of Barcelona and Ennis are removed when they are heavily diseased and no longer productive. The pathogen Anisogramma anomala causes the disease EFB on susceptible trees of C. avellana . This fungus is endemic to the

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Kevin M. Heinz, Polly A. Harding, Maria Julissa Ek-Ramos, Heather Hernandez, Peter C. Krauter, and Gregory A. Sword

. ‘Radtko’ is a popular hybrid landscape shrub rose that is shade tolerant, capable of growing in a wide range of soils, is very heat and drought tolerant once established, and is resistant to fungal diseases (black spot, powdery mildew, and rust), and