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Eucario Mancilla-Álvarez, Marco A. Ramírez-Mosqueda, Samantha Arano-Avalos, Rosalía Núñez-Pastrana, and Jericó J. Bello-Bello

supplemented with 3.0 mg·L −1 BAP + 0.1 mg·L −1 TDZ. However, the regenerated plants were not part of an in vitro conservation program. It has been mentioned that TDS concentrations greater than 0.5 mg·L −1 induce morphological malformations in a number of

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Gabriele Amoroso, Piero Frangi, Riccardo Piatti, Francesco Ferrini, Alessio Fini, and Marco Faoro

significantly reduced when trees with malformed tap roots were planted ( Harrington and Howell, 1998 ). Mechanical remediation of circling roots at transplanting has become a standard practice, although correcting root malformation can cause transplant shock

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Dave Llewellyn, Katherine Schiestel, and Youbin Zheng

quality was classified subjectively as either marketable or unmarketable according to the severity of malformations and pest damage. Marketable flowers had no visual signs of mutation or disease, and the flower head was not malformed or any malformations

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et al. (p. 301) conducted greenhouse studies to investigate the effects of a post-emergent spray application of clopyralid on four commonly grown strawberry varieties in Florida. At labeled rates, less than 12% leaf malformation was observed and

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Zhipei Feng, Xitian Yang, Hongyan Liang, Yuhua Kong, Dafeng Hui, Jiabao Zhao, Erhui Guo, and Beibei Fan

; Villar-Salvador et al., 2012 ; Watson and Tombleson, 2002 ). For an individual plant grown in a container, however, root malformation (i.e., root spiraling, cycling, and matting) is a major limiting factor because it could result in partial or complete

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root quality of container-grown plants Root circling or malformation is an inherent problem in container-grown nursery crops. Elimination of root circling via application of copper hydroxide to interior surfaces of containers has proven to be effective

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Sahar Eid, Keri L. Druffel, Dayle E. Saar, and Hanu R. Pappu

chlorosis, leaf malformation, and stunting. Sampling was done randomly and irrespective of the presence of symptoms. Total nucleic acid extraction. Total nucleic acids were extracted from dahlia samples using the modified Dellaporta procedure

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María Teresa Ariza, Carmen Soria, Juan Jesús Medina-Mínguez, and Elsa Martínez-Ferri

has been reported that fruit malformation is closely related to the low temperatures during flower and fruit development ( Ariza et al., 2011 ), regressions were made with average minimal temperatures on the week of harvesting and from 1 to 9 weeks

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Hans C. Wien

practiced to increase yield and income without the expense of increasing plant populations. Drawbacks of the labor requirements of pinching, 1-week delay in flowering, and occasional increases in malformation of the flowers of the pinched plants may limit

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David Douches, Walter Pett, Diedrich Visser, Joseph Coombs, Kelly Zarka, Kimberly Felcher, Gurling Bothma, Johan Brink, Muffy Koch, and Hector Quemada

.84. For both cultivars, the tubers had pale yellow skin, shallow eyes, no indentation at the point of stolon attachment, and were fairly uniform (less than 25% of the tubers displayed tuber malformation and/or knobbiness). Less than 10% of the tubers had