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Sarah J. Pethybridge, Niloofar Vaghefi, and Julie R. Kikkert

(2012) with minor modifications. In brief, 10 mL of sterile distilled water was added to 2-week-old cultures of Tb14–085 on potato dextrose agar (PDA; Hardy Diagnostics, Santa Maria, CA). Mycelia were gently scraped from the plate with a sterile spatula

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container-grown woody shrubs using a modified version of the above-grade planting technique typically used for trees: the root ball was left above grade, but rather than the remaining soil, a shallow layer of 100% pine bark was applied to the top of the

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Lucianne Braga Oliveira Vilarinho, Derly Jose Henriques da Silva, Ann Greene, Kara Denee Salazar, Cristiane Alves, Molly Eveleth, Ben Nichols, Sana Tehseen, Joseph Kalil Khoury Jr., Jodie V. Johnson, Steven A. Sargent, and Bala Rathinasabapathi

morphological traits, 118 F 2 seedlings and five plants each of the parents and F 1 hybrid were grown in the greenhouse in Gainesville. The greenhouse temperatures ranged between 16 and 38 °C during the period of Apr. to Aug. 2012. Standard and uniform culture

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Clíssia Barboza da Silva, Julio Marcos-Filho, Pablo Jourdan, and Mark A. Bennett

mitotic rate of meristematic cells of wheat roots treated with 24-EpiBL, showing similar effects to the roots treated with cytokinins. For Arabidopsis cell suspension culture, the effect of 24-EpiBL was even more remarkable because cell division was

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Karen Harris-Shultz, Melanie Harrison, Phillip A. Wadl, Robert N. Trigiano, and Timothy Rinehart

, 72 °C for 1 min 10 s, and a final elongation step at 72 °C for 10 min. The thermocycler used was a Gene Amp PCR System 9700 dual block (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA). The individual PCR products (2 μL) were combined with 5 μL of Blue Stop (LI

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Charles S. Krasnow, Andrew A. Wyenandt, Wesley L. Kline, J. Boyd Carey, and Mary K. Hausbeck

considered most susceptible ( Cafe-Filho and Duniway, 1996 ; Ristaino, 1991 ). Raised-bed plant culture and trickle irrigation are used in fresh market pepper production to improve yields and reduce phytophthora infection ( Bosland and Votava, 2012

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Paul Vossen

Portugal) and the north coast of Africa became large production areas of olive oil that was shipped in large amphorae to England, Germany, France, and Italy. Olive oil in these times had many documented uses. All the cultures used olive primarily as lamp

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Tonghua Pan, Juanjuan Ding, Gege Qin, Yunlong Wang, Linjie Xi, Junwei Yang, Jianming Li, Jing Zhang, and Zhirong Zou

sunlight ( Kläring et al., 2007 ). Because CO 2 is the key substrate for photosynthesis, CO 2 fertilization is widely accepted as a key technique for enhancing photosynthesis, thus increasing yield and commercial revenue ( Chalabi et al., 2002 ; Kläring

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Jibiao Fan, Jing Ren, Weixi Zhu, Erick Amombo, Jinmin Fu, and Liang Chen

-induced membrane injury results mainly from severe dehydration ( Steponkus, 1984 ; Steponkus et al., 1993 ). Cell membrane stability was widely used as a measure of cellular damage induced by abiotic stress ( Saneoka et al., 2004 ). The EL technique was applied to

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Barbara J. Daniels-Lake, Robert K. Prange, Sonia O. Gaul, Kenneth B. McRae, Roberto de Antueno, and David McLachlan

expert sensory analyst trained as an olfactometry detector for GC/O. The other half of the eluent was directed through a Varian flame ionization detector held at 150 °C. The dual channel signals were simultaneously processed using Varian Star