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Charles J. Wasonga, Marcial A. Pastor-Corrales, Timothy G. Porch, and Phillip D. Griffiths

; Rainey and Griffiths, 2005 ). Wasonga et al. (2010) developed and tested in East Africa some heat-tolerant snap bean breeding lines that demonstrated potential for improving production in the region as well as other tropical and subtropical environments

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Christina H. Hagerty, Alfonso Cuesta-Marcos, Perry Cregan, Qijian Song, Phil McClean, and James R. Myers

-sieve (80% 1–4 sieve size pods at optimum processing maturity) green bean breeding line with type I growth habit ( Singh, 1981 ) suitable for commercial harvest and processing. RR6950 is a Mesoamerican small brown seeded accession with type IIIA growth habit

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Şurhan Göl, Sami Doğanlar, and Anne Frary

germplasm is a wealth of material for future breeding efforts. Ancient faba bean remains have been found in northwest Syria and Turkey ( Tanno and Willcox, 2006 ); therefore, this region is expected to house highly diverse germplasm. Turkish material has

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Jesse Vorwald and James Nienhuis

experiments indicated that popping performance of nuña beans was related to the moisture content of seeds ( Kmiecik and Nienhuis, 1998 ). To evaluate among nuña bean breeding lines and germplasm accessions, knowledge is needed regarding the effects of

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Pei Xu, Tingting Hu, Yuejian Yang, Xiaohua Wu, Baogen Wang, Yonghua Liu, Dehui Qin, Jeffrey Ehlers, Timothy Close, Zhongfu Lu, and Guojing Li

, 1997 ; Singh, 2002 ). The ssp. sesquipedalis , also known as asparagus bean or “yard long” bean, is widely grown in east and southern Asia for production of immature pods. Genetic similarity between the two subspecies is high as evidenced by the fact

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Guojing Li, Yonghua Liu, Jeffrey D. Ehlers, Zhujun Zhu, Xiaohua Wu, Baogeng Wang, and Zhongfu Lu

mitigate losses from the disease. Currently, nearly all asparagus bean cultivars are susceptible to rust, and development of rust-resistant cultivars is a high priority of many asparagus bean breeding programs. The inheritance of resistance to U. vignae

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Gerardine Mukeshimana, Amy L. Lasley, Wayne H. Loescher, and James D. Kelly

negatively affected under prolonged periods of terminal drought. Because the incidence and duration of drought episodes are expected to increase with climate change, approaches to breeding common bean for drought tolerance were recently summarized by Beebe

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Rolland Agaba, Phinehas Tukamuhabwa, Patrick Rubaihayo, Silver Tumwegamire, Andrew Ssenyonjo, Robert O.M. Mwanga, Jean Ndirigwe, and Wolfgang J. Grüneberg

West African countries ( Annerose and Diouf, 1998 ; Belford et al., 2001 ). The crop has short growth cycles (4–6 months), which should allow two harvests per year at many locations in Africa. With respect to breeding, all cultivated yam beans are

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Alefsi David Sánchez-Reinoso, Gustavo Adolfo Ligarreto-Moreno, and Hermann Restrepo-Díaz

, 2016 ). The use of physiological mechanisms as breeding strategies has supported crop genotype identification to abiotic stresses in recent years ( Moura et al., 2018 ; Mwadzingeni et al., 2016 ; Waqas et al., 2019 ). In addition, common bean breeding

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Edward J. Boza, Juan Carlos Motamayor, Freddy M. Amores, Sergio Cedeño-Amador, Cecile L. Tondo, Donald S. Livingstone III, Raymond J. Schnell, and Osman A. Gutiérrez

resistance for the species ( Cheesman, 1944 ; Coe and Coe, 1996 ; Cuatrecasas, 1964 ; Motamayor et al., 2008 ). Cacao beans (seeds) are the source of chocolate, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, natural minerals, flavonoids, and vitamins, which are the raw