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Gregory M. Peck, Ian A. Merwin, Christopher B. Watkins, Kathryn W. Chapman, and Olga I. Padilla-Zakour

fruit maturity and quality. Originally developed by the International Organization for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, IFP is a science-based system that encompasses all aspects of fruit growing. An IFP system includes

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Ojwang J. David, Nyankanga O. Richard, Imungi Japheth, and Olanya O. Modesto

pods are harvested green at the appropriate stage of maturity for its use as a vegetable. Green vegetable seeds of pigeon pea are richer sources of iron, copper, and zinc than the mature seed. There are large genotypic differences in protein content of

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Zhenhua Li, Yiling Liu, and RenXiang Liu

the accumulation of reserve. Seed vigor gradually increases after physiological maturity, whereas seed desiccation is not only drying of the seed but also an active stage of preparing for germination ( Angelovic et al., 2010 ). Numerous studies have

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Bishnu P. Khanal, Rejina Shrestha, Leonie Hückstädt, and Moritz Knoche

. 2B , inset). Discussion There were no significant relationships between a cultivar’s russet susceptibility and any of the characteristics of their CM’s investigated at maturity. It is therefore reasonable to infer that factors other than the CM

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Pinki Devi, Scott Lukas, and Carol A. Miles

grafting method on fruit maturity and quality as compared with one-cotyledon grafted and nongrafted watermelon. Thus, the overall objectives of this study were to 1) test external applications of sucrose and antitranspirant solutions to rootstock seedlings

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Sylvie Jenni, David de Koeyer, and George Emery

or on the importance of head maturity at harvest to expression of the genes. Inheritance studies in lettuce have investigated the following: 1) plant characters such as leaf and flower color and morphology ( Lindqvist, 1960 ; Ryder, 1975 ; Ryder

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Uttara C. Samarakoon, David J. Woolley, Ed R. Morgan, and Keith A. Funnell

within the cluster and, therefore, their degree of maturity ( Samarakoon et al., 2014 ). One of the crown buds within the cluster would be an apical bud capable of producing more buds during the growth cycle, and the other crown buds would be axillary and

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Ben Hong Wu, Hai Qiang Huang, Pei Ge Fan, Shao Hua Li, and Guo Jie Liu

environmental variables on photosynthetic responses under low sink demand. In the present study, five peach cultivars with maturity dates from the end of June to the end of September were selected to study photosynthetic responses to various levels of sink

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B. D. Horton

Peach (Prunus persica, L. Batsch) cultivars vary in the percent of marketable stage fruit from a once-over harvest. Maturity stages are difficult to separate. The difficulty might be related to non-uniform ripening characteristics of the fruit. A method was developed to estimate the variability in maturity at 16 coordinates around the peach. Peaches were sampled at 5 maturity stages: 1) about 1/2 final-swell size; 2) 90% final-swell size; 3) and 4) marketable, and 5) soft ripe. Stages were separated by color chips #1 and #2, #3 and #5 (marketable), or #6. Pared flesh firmness was measured with a modified penetrometer plunger (4.47mm diameter tip 11mm long). Force (F) ranged from about 3 to 45 N. Soluble solids (SS) ranged from 10 to 13% from a 1cm3 cylinder adjacent to the puncture made by the penetrometer. Force and SS from five replications of 2 cultivars indicate that the apex and cheeks are the firmest and highest in SS for most stages tested. Reported correlations of F on the cheek with the yellow ground color or sweetness within marketable fruits are negative. However, correlations in this experiment ranged from R2 = 0 to 0.18 for the green to ripe stages.

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Renae Moran, Jennifer DeEll, and Cindy B.S. Tong

‘Honeycrisp’ and ‘McIntosh’, two major cultivars in Canada and the United States, are prone to fruit quality loss and storage disorders that are directly influenced by harvest maturity ( Smock, 1977 ; Watkins et al., 2005 ). Harvest at early stages