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Yuting Meng, Boling Liu, Ping Zhang, Ping Cui, Yuguang Song, Nianwei Qiu, Guoliang Han, and Feng Zhou

by the BDE-47 treatments. Their potential activity of PSII ( F v / F o ), actual light energy conversion efficiency of PSII ( Φ PSII ) and electron transport rate significantly decreased after a 96-h exposure to 2.5 µg·L −1 BDE-47 ( Li et al., 2010

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Maren J. Mochizuki, Oleg Daugovish, Miguel H. Ahumada, Shawn Ashkan, and Carol J. Lovatt

.032)], this 3% difference is likely not physiologically significant because a typical leaf has an efficiency of about 80% (F v /F m = 0.8) ( Carpentier, 2005 ; Schreiber, 2004 ). The ratio of F v /F m provides an estimate of the energy conversion efficiency

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Brad Geary, Corey Ransom, Brad Brown, Dennis Atkinson, and Saad Hafez

conversion efficiency from metam sodium to methyl isothiocyanate ( Draper and Wakeham, 1993 ; Geddes et al., 1995 ). The difference in the amount of a.i. applied per acre of biofumigant plants and metam sodium is large and is likely the contributing factor

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Sanjeev K. Bangarwa, Jason K. Norsworthy, and Edward E. Gbur

species of the mustard family. Moreover, the amount of glucosinolate production and glucosinolate to isothiocyanates conversion efficiency, which are highly dependent on soil and environmental conditions and management practices, governs the release of

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Kimberly A. Cochran and Craig S. Rothrock

in end breakdown products, and the fact that B. napus has been found to have a glucosinolate to isothiocyanate conversion efficiency of about half of B. juncea , disease symptom suppression and pathogen recovery in this study was similar among the

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Aisu Gu, Wenfang Liu, Chao Ma, Jin Cui, Richard J. Henny, and Jianjun Chen

). LEDs have many advantages over conventional fluorescent lamps, including specific wavelength, low thermal output, adjustable light intensity and quality, high photoelectric conversion efficiency as well as small size and extended longevity ( Brown et al

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Paul Deram, Mark G. Lefsrud, and Valérie Orsat

electrical conversion efficiency ( Gomez et al., 2013 ). HPS lamps were tailored for human vision and therefore are not ideally suited for plant growth ( Bula et al., 1991 ). Earlier research has shown that the most important wavelengths for photosynthesis

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Angela Knerl, Brendon Anthony, Sara Serra, and Stefano Musacchi

Robinson, T.L. Wünsche, J. Lakso, A. 1993 The influence of orchard system and pruning severity on yield, light interception, conversion efficiency, partitioning index and leaf area index Acta Hort. 349 123 128 Saure, M.C. 1987 Summer pruning effect on apple

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Mark E. Herrington, Craig Hardner, Malcolm Wegener, Louella Woolcock, and Mark J. Dieters

-components and their ratios in genetic tests Theor. Appl. Genet. 91 15 24 Doupe, R.G. Lymbery, A.J. 2003 Toward the genetic improvement of feed conversion efficiency in fish J. World Aquacult. Soc. 34 245 254 Durel, C.E. Laurens, F. Fouillet, A. Lespinasse, Y

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Mengyang Liu, Yin Lu, Shan Wang, Fang Wu, Jingrui Li, Yanhua Wang, Jianjun Zhao, and Shuxing Shen

center complexes, we analyzed their chlorophyll fluorescence using PAM techniques ( Maxwell and Johnson, 2000 ). F v/ F m represents the photoenergy conversion efficiency of PSII and initial photoenergy capture efficiency that was 0.731 in hy was