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Maren J. Mochizuki, Oleg Daugovish, Miguel H. Ahumada, Shawn Ashkan, and Carol J. Lovatt

.032)], this 3% difference is likely not physiologically significant because a typical leaf has an efficiency of about 80% (F v /F m = 0.8) ( Carpentier, 2005 ; Schreiber, 2004 ). The ratio of F v /F m provides an estimate of the energy conversion efficiency

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Paul Deram, Mark G. Lefsrud, and Valérie Orsat

electrical conversion efficiency ( Gomez et al., 2013 ). HPS lamps were tailored for human vision and therefore are not ideally suited for plant growth ( Bula et al., 1991 ). Earlier research has shown that the most important wavelengths for photosynthesis

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Angela Knerl, Brendon Anthony, Sara Serra, and Stefano Musacchi

Robinson, T.L. Wünsche, J. Lakso, A. 1993 The influence of orchard system and pruning severity on yield, light interception, conversion efficiency, partitioning index and leaf area index Acta Hort. 349 123 128 Saure, M.C. 1987 Summer pruning effect on apple

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Kimberly A. Cochran and Craig S. Rothrock

in end breakdown products, and the fact that B. napus has been found to have a glucosinolate to isothiocyanate conversion efficiency of about half of B. juncea , disease symptom suppression and pathogen recovery in this study was similar among the

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Aisu Gu, Wenfang Liu, Chao Ma, Jin Cui, Richard J. Henny, and Jianjun Chen

). LEDs have many advantages over conventional fluorescent lamps, including specific wavelength, low thermal output, adjustable light intensity and quality, high photoelectric conversion efficiency as well as small size and extended longevity ( Brown et al

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Yuting Meng, Boling Liu, Ping Zhang, Ping Cui, Yuguang Song, Nianwei Qiu, Guoliang Han, and Feng Zhou

by the BDE-47 treatments. Their potential activity of PSII ( F v / F o ), actual light energy conversion efficiency of PSII ( Φ PSII ) and electron transport rate significantly decreased after a 96-h exposure to 2.5 µg·L −1 BDE-47 ( Li et al., 2010

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Jia Li, Liyun Liu, Huanqi Zhou, and Meng Li

efficiency of PSII when all the reaction centers are opened. When plants suffer severe drought stress, F v /F m declines ( Woo et al., 2008 ). Our study showed that drought stress reduced F v /F m , indicating that the original light energy conversion

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Hailin Shen, Zhendong Liu, Ke Yan, Liren Zou, Jinghui Wen, Yinshan Guo, Kun Li, and Xiuwu Guo

) and N 1 -(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N 3 -phenylurea (CPPU) on gender conversion efficiency in male amur grape and found that CPPU was more efficient, resulting in a fruit setting rate of 96.7%. Xu et al. (2013) analyzed proteomic changes during the gender

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Yun Kong, Katherine Schiestel, David Llewellyn, and Youbin Zheng

and Discussion Growth and development of cherry tomato plants. In intercropping systems, the most meaningful individual crop growth rates may be analyzed in relation to resource capture and biomass conversion efficiency, particularly when resource

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Claudia Elkins and Marc W. van Iersel

-Adams, B. Cohu, C.M. Muller, O. Adams, W.W. 2012 Modulation of photosynthetic energy conversion efficiency in nature: From seconds to seasons Photosynth. Res. 113 75 88 Elkins, C.A. 2020 Evaluation of different lighting strategies used to improve