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Thomas Gradziel and Sabrina Marchand

gap between the processor extra-early and early harvest seasons. This harvest gap resulted from the removal of cultivars from the list approved by processors of the Dixon cultivar because of problems with splitting and red anthocyanin staining of fruit

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Thomas M. Gradziel and Mary Ann Thorpe

processors. The initial objective of the breeding program was to replace early maturity season cultivars Dixon and Andross and the late-season cultivar Halford. ‘Dixon’, introduced in 1956, was one of the first “extra-early maturity” season cultivars that

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Federico Dicenta, Teresa Cremades, Pedro José Martínez-García, Pedro Martínez-Gómez, Encarnación Ortega, Manuel Rubio, Raquel Sánchez-Pérez, Jesús López-Alcolea, and José Egea

’, because ‘Lauranne’ flowers earlier than ‘S5133’, pollen from ‘S5133’ was sampled the previous year and stored following the procedure described by Martínez-Gómez et al. (2000 , 2002 ). Tree Characteristics ‘Penta’ and ‘Makako’ are extra-late flowering

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Ksenija Gasic, John E. Preece, and David Karp

June 2018. Fruit: medium, diameter 7.1 cm; cylindrical-globose; overcolor 90-100% dark red; flesh crisp, juicy, 13 °Brix at harvest; ripens early February in Elgin. Tree: vigorous, similar to Royal Gala; ramified; blooms mid-late October in Elgin

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Samuel Salazar-García, Luis E. Cossio-Vargas, Isidro J.L. González-Durán, and Carol J. Lovatt

development to modify the date of flowering and harvest or increase the rate of fruit development to reach legal maturity earlier are needed to broaden the harvest period and prevent the drop in fruit price. Plant bioregulators (PBRs) are known to influence

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Catalina Pinto, Gabino Reginato, Karen Mesa, Paulina Shinya, Mariana Díaz, and Rodrigo Infante

determined more rapid ripening and, therefore, an earlier harvest. Regarding growth and ripening, the effect of the fruit position on the canopy is a consequence of the variability of the age of each fruit ( Tijskens et al., 2007 ). The first flowers that

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Aline Coelho Frasca, Monica Ozores-Hampton, John Scott, and Eugene McAvoy

, medium and STMH, and extra-large, medium, and TSMH than the double row. The lower yields obtained in the double row in the present study contradict the findings of Gardner and Davis (1991) and Kemble et al. (1994) that reported higher early and total

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John W. Scott, Samuel F. Hutton, and Joshua H. Freeman

do not like the TYLCV-resistant cultivars as well as susceptible cultivars due to linkage drag effects that reduce marketable yield, increase foliar disease infections to diseases such as early blight ( Alternaria solani ) and/or bacterial spot

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Qiang Zhu, Monica Ozores-Hampton, Yuncong Li, Kelly Morgan, Guodong Liu, and Rao S. Mylavarapu

, flavor, and peel thickness, and reduce the severity of diverse fruit physiological disorders (e.g., uneven and blotchy ripening, irregular shape and hollow fruit, yellow shoulder, gray wall, and decreased lycopene content) ( Bose et al., 2006 ; Hartz et

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Mary A. Rogers and Annette L. Wszelaki

–28/32 to 3–15/32 inches (5 × 6) “extra-large”; 2–17/32 to 2–28/32 inches (6 × 6) “large” and 2–9/32 to 2–17/32 inches (6 × 7) “medium.” Unmarketable fruit were classified according to early blight symptoms, physiological disorders (blossom end rot, cracks