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Vijaya Kumar Rapaka, James E. Faust, John M. Dole, and Erik S. Runkle

contrast, starch levels increased marginally during the first 4 h and substantially during the next 4 h of photoperiod ( Fig. 1B ). As a result, total nonstructural carbohydrate levels (TNC: glucose + fructose + sucrose + starch) increased from 0800 to 1200

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Jinmin Fu and Peter H. Dernoeden

compared with spring-only and noncored bentgrass. Table 4. Water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC), storage carbohydrate (SC), and total nonstructural carbohydrate (TNC) in ‘Providence’ creeping bentgrass leaf tissue subjected to spring-only coring (SP

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Ben Wherley, Ambika Chandra, Anthony Genovesi, Mason Kearns, Tim Pepper, and Jim Thomas

measured using a spectrophotometer (Genesis 10 Series; Thermo Electron Scientific Instruments Corp., Madison, WI). Chlorophyll content (μg·cm −2 ) was then determined by the Moran (1982) formula. Total nonstructural carbohydrates were extracted from the

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Thomas E. Marler

sugars and the total nonstructural carbohydrate content by adding the concentration of all five carbohydrates. The relationship of sugars to starch was calculated as total free sugar content divided by starch. The data were subjected to a 2 × 2 factorial

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Jinmin Fu and Peter H. Dernoeden

greater in bentgrass leaf tissue subjected to DI than LF. Table 3. Water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC), storage carbohydrate (SC), and total nonstructural carbohydrate (TNC) in ‘Providence’ creeping bentgrass leaf tissue in response to light and

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Laura Elisa Acuña-Maldonado and Marvin P. Pritts

from a 50-μL aliquot of this solution as described previously for glucose and calculated as 0.9 × the mass of glucose obtained. Total nonstructural carbohydrates were the sum of starch, sucrose, and glucose. An additional set of 60 plants treated with

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Justine E. Vanden Heuvel and Martin C. Goffinet

( DeMoranville et al., 2005 ). Botelho and Vanden Heuvel (2006) determined that floods applied in the fall (i.e., harvest floods) reduced total nonstructural carbohydrate concentration (TNSC) of cranberry uprights more than in spring floods (i.e., LW or flash

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Mohamad-Hossein Sheikh-Mohamadi, Nematollah Etemadi, and Mostafa Arab

al., 2011 ; Liu et al., 2017 ). Fig. 1. Proline content, total nonstructural carbohydrates content, and malondialdehyde content of tall fescue ecotypes treated with ( A , D, and G, respectively) optimal temperature conditions, ( B , E , and H

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Christian M. Baldwin, Haibo Liu, Lambert B. McCarty, Hong Luo, Joe Toler, and Steven H. Long

#9840; Taylor), visual turfgrass quality (TQ), clipping yield, chlorophyll concentration, root total nonstructural carbohydrates (TNC), soil bulk density, and water infiltration rates. Canopy and soil (7.6 cm depth) temperatures were recorded after each

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Mohamed A. Shahba, Mohamed S. Abbas, and Saad F. Alshammary

LL Lyophilizer; Virtis, Gardiner, NY). After freeze-drying, samples were ground with a Wiley mill, sieved thought a screen with 425-μm openings and kept in airtight vials at –20 °C. Total nonstructural carbohydrate content was measured using the