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Michael N. Dana

Interest in native plant species for general landscape planting, mitigation of environmental impact and ecological restoration plantings continues to expand with public awareness of environmental quality. An expanding area of opportunity exists for the landscape horticulture industry to supply non-traditional plant materials to support landscape planting with native species. To capitalize on the opportunity, horticulture and landscape architecture students and practitioners must become knowledgeable of species native to their region. Video is a useful medium for increasing such knowledge. This presentation will review the development, production, distribution and content of six video programs that survey the native herbaceous flora of Indiana prairies and woodlands. Each program is less than 30 minutes in length, to facilitate classroom use and presentation in broadcast formats. Botanically correct nomenclature is presented graphically as each species is introduced. The narration includes botanical, ecological and horticultural information, but emphasizes plant lore to increase interest for general audiences and provide memory clues for those attempting to learn the plants. This project, supported by the Indiana Association of Nurserymen, provides a good example of how horticultural industries can become leaders as the public expands its demand for improved environmental quality.

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D.L. Creech and D. McDonald

Texas is botanically diverse with approximately 5500 native plants identified: east Texas contains about 40% of the total. While most species are stable, many are classified as rare, threatened, vulnerable, or endangered. Databases for east Texas plant communities and vegetative analyses are numerous. However, they are not yet integrated into easy-to-sort-and-query computer files. Computer-Assisted Drafting (CAD) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology offers powerful applications to the storage, management, and spatial analysis of species inventories, plant community dynamics, and long-term habitat monitoring. At SFASU, the College of Forestry's GIS Center is being utilized to develop comprehensive east Texas resource inventories on a ten-station HP Apollo/ArcInfo platform. In the horticulture program, a twenty-station PC/AutoCad teaching laboratory is being used to create layered maps of the SFASU Arboretum, the on-campus landscape and off-campus plant communities. The integration of CAD and GIS projects through a DXF format takes advantage of the attributes of both technologies.

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Janet Waterstrat, Jacquelyn Deeds, and Richard L. Harkess

Recent trade journals and magazines report a widespread and increasingly popular trend encouraging the use of native plants in the landscape. A random sample of 528 Southern Nurserymen's Association 1996 members were surveyed to determine 1) if they had perceived the trend reported in trade and consumer publications towards the selection of native plants, and 2) if there are consistencies in demographic characteristics and aspects of advertising plans among the respondents. Forty-two percent of those surveyed responded. Respondents perceived an overall interest in native plants higher in 1996 than in 1991. Almost half of the respondents had increased quantity and variety of native plants in response to their perceptions; 28% had not responded in any way. Plant professionals who had responded to the perceived trend did not differ significantly from those who had not on selected demographic characteristics. Selected aspects of advertising did not differ significantly except for the extent to which consumer magazines were used as references for marketing strategies.

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John M. Englert and Gwen C. Meyer

In recent years the use of native plant materials for conservation and revegetation projects has received increased awareness and interest. The National Plant Materials Center (NPMC), in cooperation with the USDI-National Park Service, is involved in the revegetation of disturbed areas within our National Parks using native herbaceous and woody plants. This involves the collection of germplasm from selected niches within the Parks, an increase in seed and production of transplants, and reestablishment of native communities in natural areas.

One major focus of the program is to develop technology for improving native plant propagation and production, which should make the use of native plants more viable in the commercial sector. Germination of species of Tridens, Dichanthelium, Danthonia, Helianthus, Schizachyrium, and Andropogon has been improved to 80-95% by altering the germination environment. Production of these species in plugs has also been streamlined to maximize space efficiency and provide cost-effective methods for planting native grasses and wildflowers.

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James C. Sellmer

Bringing Nature Home: How Native Plants Sustain Wildlife in Our Gardens. Douglas W. Tallamy. 2007. Timber Press, Inc., Portland, OR. 288 pages, with illustrations. $27.95, Hardcover. ISBN-13:978-0-88192-854-9. Bringing Nature Home is the first

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R.D. Quinn and D.J. Haselfeld

We are developing an on-line guide to introduce biology students to the native plants of the Cal Poly campus. It will be used prior to field laboratory exercises, and as a reinforcement after field study. It presents reference information in an interactive and nonlinear manner which encourages students to pursue information in the way that is most interesting to them. The guide is organized by a very simple key that divides plants according to habit (trees, shrubs, vines, grasses, forbs). This simple approach is possible because the guide includes only the 30 common species that students must recognize to do plant sampling exercises. Each species has a screen that displays photographs, line drawings, and a nontechnical narrative. This guide displays the appearance of plants in all seasons, and will be available at all times as a web site. It is particularly useful when laboratories meet in inclement weather or at night. As a web site, it displays the native flora of the Cal Poly campus to the world. The guide was relatively easy to construct with common multimedia equipment. The same approach could be readily employed by any educational program that repeatedly uses the same field site.

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Mary Lewis, Matthew Chappell, Donglin Zhang, and Rebekah Maynard

( Asclepias ) species have many ornamental and ecologically important traits, there is little commercial production outside of niche native plant growers. Limited commercial production is thought to result from limited seed set because milkweed species

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Anthony P. Keinath

Didymella bryoniae (Auersw.) Rehm [anamorph Phoma cucurbitacearum (Fr.) Sacc.], the plant pathogenic fungus that causes gummy stem blight and black rot on cucurbits, was first described in 1869 from Bryonia (bryony or wild hops) in central Europe. Today, this pathogen is found on six continents on at least 12 genera and 23 species of cucurbits. How did D. bryoniae progress from a pathogen of a native plant in central Europe to a worldwide threat to cucurbits cultivated in humid environments? Clues from the early discoveries of this fungus, its characteristics as a seedborne pathogen, and its broad adaptation to cucurbit hosts will provide some answers to this question.

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Jerry A. Payne

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Jason Singhurst, D. L. Creech, and J. Williams

In Texas, 5,500 native species are distributed over an area comprised of ten regional habitat types. In the Piney Woods region of east Texas, 2,300 plant species occupy 15 million acres. In east Texas, the USFWS has identified 4 species that are federally endangered and 15 that are candidates for that listing. Interest in protecting rare plant habitats and reintroducing those species into similar and appropriate ecosystem types has led to new tools in research and development. Remote sensing is one; this technology is used to derive information about the earth's land and water areas from images acquired at a distance Multispectral and spatial techniques are applied to process and interpret remote sensing imagery for the purpose of producing conventional maps, thematic maps, reource surveys, etc., in the fields of agriculture, botany, archeology, forestry, geography, geology. and others. Remote sensing is used to classify vegetation, interpret forest photogrammetry, estimate timber production, and identify crops, individual plants and leaf structure. This specific project was initiated to determine the potential of remote sensing as a tool to locate known and new rare plant communities in east Texas. To develop benchmark data, a Daedalus scanner image of a previously surveyed and AutoCAD® mapped area, the Vista forest on the SFASU campus, was utilized to develop correlations between imagery, vegetation types and species. By inserting various scan images under the Vista forest AutoCAD® map, known tree species were analyzed through their specific spectral emission characteristics across nine bands. This pilot project has indicated that it is simple to separate pines from hardwoods and illustrate major land use features. However, separation at the species level or groups of species has not been achieved. This paper will trace the history of this project, describe problems and obstacles encountered, and make recommendations for future strategies.