primary objective of mandarin breeding programs ( Frost and Soost, 1968 ). Thus, triploid cultivars can be safely planted adjacent to other diploid cultivars like clementine that produce seedless fruit when not cross-pollinated. Specific conventional
Milica Ćalović, Chunxian Chen, Qibin Yu, Vladimir Orbović, Frederick G. Gmitter Jr, and Jude W. Grosser
J.D. Norton, Hongwen Huang, and Fenny Dane
The Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima Blume) is a valuable germplasm resource for horticultural traits such as resistance to chestnut blight (Cryphonectria parasitica), excellent quality, wide adaptation, and consistent high yield. The Chinese chestnut breeding program was established at Auburn Univ. in 1933 from nuts directly introduced from China by the USDA. A recurrent selection breeding program with progeny from the 1933, 1953, and 1991 plantings with selection for blight resistance, precocity, nut size, and storage quality, yield, and pest resistance. Cultivars released from the 1933 planting were `Alaling,' `Alamore', and `Black Beauty'. `AU-Cropper', `AU-Leader', and `AU-Homestead' were named from the 1953 planting. Two blight-resistant, precocious seedlings, AU-91-P1-26 and AU-P4-26, appear to be very promising selections for improvement of all Chinese chestnut cultivars for nut size and other selection traits. Since there is little information available regarding heritability of certain traits in perennial tree species, results of 65 years of breeding at Auburn Univ. should provide us with guidance for further improvement of selection traits in chestnut breeding.
Gene J. Galletta
This review briefly summarizes the status of the Southern strawberry industries during the 20th century. Objectives, contributions, and personnel of the Southern state and federal improvement programs are presented. The future of the southern strawberry industries and their reduced number of breeding programs are predicted, with emphasis on the objectives which may have to be altered to accommodate new and continuing problems.
Tilin Fang, Yanqi Wu, Shiva Makaju, Todd Tribble, Dennis L. Martin, and Justin Q. Moss
experimental bermudagrass lines developed by the OSU turf bermudagrass breeding program were entered in the 2013 NTEP bermudagrass trial to allow for testing over a wide geographic area. DNA fingerprints to identify these bermudagrass entries have not been
Wang Zu-Hua and Lu Zhen-Xiang
This manuscript is dedicated to the late Wang Zu-Hua for his extraordinary contributions to peach breeding. I thank D.W. Rammng and Jin Zewan for their assistance in revising this manuscript.
Hrvoje Rukavina and Harrison G. Hughes
-efficient and tolerant of low-quality water ( Rukavina et al., 2007 ). Evaluation of saltgrass accessions for potential turf use is an ongoing program at Colorado State University. The breeding program is focused on development of seeded turf-type saltgrass
Fanjuan Meng, Ruoding Wang, Mu Peng, Chao Wang, Zhongkui Wang, Fachun Guan, and Yajun Li
from the Tibet Plateau, China, using ISSR markers. Based on the analysis, it will provide a reference for Kongpo Monkshood breeding purposes and contribute to identification, rational exploitation, and conservation of germplasms. Materials and Methods
Ryan J. Hayes, Karunakaran Maruthachalam, Gary E. Vallad, Steven J. Klosterman, and Krishna V. Subbarao
resistance relative to the iceberg cultivar Salinas 88. These accessions are considerably different morphologically (Table S2), and this diversity will likely be useful for their future use in lettuce breeding ( Hayes et al., 2007 ). Furthermore, there is no
Sindynara Ferreira, Luiz Antonio A. Gomes, Wilson Roberto Maluf, Vicente Paulo Campos, José Luiz S. de Carvalho Filho, and Daniela Costa Santos
the use of resistant cultivars. Resistance sources to Meloidogyne spp. have been found in dry beans; however, they are not widely used by breeding programs ( Carneiro et al., 2003 ; Walber et al., 2003 ). Despite the great losses recorded on the dry
Allan F. Brown, Gad G. Yousef, Ivette Guzman, Kranthi K. Chebrolu, Dennis J. Werner, Mike Parker, Ksenija Gasic, and Penelope Perkins-Veazie
( Werner and Snelling, 2006 ). Calanda San Miquel 2383 is a yellow-fleshed, Spanish land race that lacks ANC in the fruit and the peel. In addition to the three commercial cultivars, two NCSU advance breeding selections (NC 97-48 and NC Yellow) were also