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Maren J. Mochizuki, Oleg Daugovish, Miguel H. Ahumada, Shawn Ashkan, and Carol J. Lovatt

drip irrigation tape ( Hartz et al., 1991 ). Because there were no published investigations of CO 2 application for field-grown raspberry, the first objective of this research was to optimize a CO 2 delivery for this specific production system. We

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Rachel Mack, James S. Owen, Alex X. Niemiera, and Joyce Latimer

grower grouped plants by water needs ( Table 2 ). Water management practices for optimizing irrigation efficiency were used by four respondents. Water management practices included cyclic irrigation, measuring leaching fraction, and timing irrigation

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Ariel Singerman, Stephen H. Futch, and Brandon Page

still no effective treatment or management strategy to cure the disease, it is crucial for growers to optimize grove practices and management. One way to achieve such a goal would be to plant rootstocks that provide enhanced tolerance to the disease

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Marc W. van Iersel, Matthew Chappell, and John D. Lea-Cox

repeatability, in which case the high resolution does not provide any useful information. To optimize the value of information from sensor measurements, end users need to think about the required data accuracy and the various ways in which this can be improved

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Oliver Körner, Jesper Mazanti Aaslyng, Andrea Utoft Andreassen, and Niels Holst

., 1994 ). In the early 1990s, a complete dynamic climate control concept was first developed ( Aaslyng et al., 2003 ) and constantly further developed since then. The system aims at optimizing the greenhouse microclimate to ensure maximum net dry matter

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Lloyd L. Nackley, Elias Fernandes de Sousa, Bruno J.L. Pitton, Jared Sisneroz, and Lorence R. Oki

the farm level, optimizing irrigation maximizes profits, and in a broader context, irrigation efficiency also maximizes social benefits ( Letey, 2007 ). Research suggests that over the next 30 years there will be conflicts over water demand between the

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Marzieh Keshavarzi, Keith A. Funnell, David J. Woolley, and Julian A. Heyes

in vitro system, includes evaluation of measurement methods using laser ethylene detector technology. We optimized the method that best quantifies the actual concentration of ethylene in the headspace of gas-exchangeable culture vessels. With the

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Wahiba Boutebtoub, Michel Chevalier, Jean-Claude Mauget, Monique Sigogne, Philippe Morel, and Gilles Galopin

. To know the quantity and the localization of starch reserves would allow optimizing the mother plant management ( Galopin et al., 1996 ). The morphology of cuttings and the frequency of taking off must preserve the synthesis and the storage of starch

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J. Kevin Parris, Darren H. Touchell, Thomas G. Ranney, and Jeffrey Adelberg

. 2011 The role of meta -topolins in alleviating micropropagation problems Plant Growth Regulat. 63 197 206 Bairu, M.W. Stirk, W.A. Dolezal, K. Staden, J.V. 2007 Optimizing the micropropagation protocol for the endangered Aloe polyphylla : Can meta

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Alejandro Martínez-Bilbao, Amaya Ortiz-Barredo, Emilio Montesinos, and Jesús Murillo

susceptibility to the pathogen. In our case, the use of the detached leaf assay was highly beneficial because the exclusion of these cultivars from shoot assays contributed to the optimization of resources and to limit the potential dispersal of the pathogen