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Danise Coon, Derek W. Barchenger, and Paul W. Bosland

Chile peppers have been highly regarded as ornamental plants since being introduced to Europe in the 15th century ( Armitage and Hamilton, 1987 ). Chile peppers considered by the horticulture industry to be “ornamental,” are compact plants with

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Gayle M. Volk and Christopher M. Richards

prebreeding programs that could help locate and ultimately exploit this variation in agricultural breeding programs. In practice, systematic exploitation of natural variation from wild relatives is a major investment of time and effort. Plant breeders have

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Yonghong Guo, Matthew Kramer, and Margaret Pooler

use in landscape plantings and in our breeding program, and 2) to verify that our detached leaf assay for this fungus was effective for flowering cherry taxa, where whole tree assays are often impractical. Materials and Methods Plant materials. Sixty

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Waltram Ravelombola, Ainong Shi, Jun Qin, Yuejin Weng, Gehendra Bhattarai, Bazgha Zia, Wei Zhou, and Beiquan Mou

stage were likely to be drought tolerant at later stages ( Rzepka-Plevneš et al., 2009 ). With the recent advances in modern plant breeding, the performance of progenies could be accurately predicted using genomic selection tools ( Hayes et al., 2009

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Wenhao Dai and Victoria Magnusson

Development of new cultivars is largely dependent on the availability of breeding germplasm and methodology. Breeders are seeking plant materials to breed novel plants; however, their achievement is largely limited as a result of lack of suitable

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Lívia Lopes Coelho, Amalia Fkiara, Kathryn Kuligowska Mackenzie, Renate Müller, and Henrik Lütken

). According to Currey and Erwin (2010 , 2011 ), flower induction and the control of flowering time are difficult in several Kalanchoë species, and the lack of knowledge on the flower-inducing factors can limit the use of new plants by breeding companies

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Hamidou F. Sakhanokho and M. Nurul Islam-Faridi

comparable. Tetraploid S. aethiopicum can be valuable for future breeding programs, in particular for those programs aiming to develop shorter, more compact plants. Some S. aethiopicum selections are cultivated for their edible leaves, so tetraploid

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M. Friedmann, M. Lapidot, S. Cohen, and M. Pilowsky

1 Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 2 Department of Virology. Contribution from the Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, 2329-E, 1997 series. We thank A. Shlomo, S. Nahon, O. Goldray, O. Lachman, and A

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William L. Holdsworth, Carly F. Summers, Michael Glos, Christine D. Smart, and Michael Mazourek

2012. z In the late downy period, the Cornell breeding lines DMR-NY264, NY12-262, NY12-261, and NY12-263 produced the highest yields, as indicated by total weight and total marketable fruit per plant ( Table 4 ). PI 197088 also yielded heavily during

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M. Joseph Stephens, Peter A. Alspach, Ron A. Beatson, Chris Winefield, and Emily J. Buck

later seasons. Parent material was floricane-fruiting and included selections originating from the Plant and Food Research, New Zealand-based breeding program, North American-bred cultivars, and breeding selections from the Plant and Food Research