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Adrian D. Berry, Steven A. Sargent, Marcio Eduardo Canto Pereira, and Donald J. Huber

and Mexican types and are prone to develop chilling injury when stored below 13 °C, depending upon the cultivar ( Campbell and Hatton, 1959 ). A limiting factor of storing avocados for extended periods is the expression of internal pulp discoloration

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Lan-Yen Chang and Jeffrey K. Brecht

of wounding in strawberry depends on various factors, including the type of force applied on the fruit, cooling method, and rate of lowering pulp temperatures, along with the storage temperature ( Ferreira et al., 2009 ). Internal fruit properties

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Adriana Contreras-Oliva, Cristina Rojas-Argudo, and María B. Pérez-Gago

more than 20% of the fruit surface was affected. Results were converted to an average index. Internal quality parameters. Soluble solids concentration (SSC) was measured with a digital refractometer (Atago, Model PR1; Atago Co., LTD., Tokyo

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Jorge A. Osuna-Garcia, Jeffrey K. Brecht, Donald J. Huber, and Yolanda Nolasco-Gonzalez

recommended time, temperature, or both are exceeded for insect or decay control, heat damage is observed (blanching of skin, lenticel darkening, mottled and uneven ripening, internal cavitation, and peduncle collapse) ( Kader, 2012 ). Furthermore, it is

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Wei Hu, Ju-Hua Liu, Xiao-Ying Yang, Jian-Bin Zhang, Cai-Hong Jia, Mei-Ying Li, Bi-Yu Xu, and Zhi-Qiang Jin

( Adams and Yang, 1979 ; Liu et al., 1999 ; Yang and Hoffman, 1984 ). Coincidently with the respiratory climacteric period, numerous physiological and biochemical changes occur in the banana fruit, including chlorophyll breakdown, flavochrome accumulation

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Magdolna Tóth, Gitta Ficzek, Ildikó Király, Szilvia Kovács, Mária Hevesi, Júlia Halász, and Zsolt Szani

.3 cm in diameter. Sepals are medium in size with fully open locules. Flesh color is light yellow. Fruit is crisp, quite juicy, balanced sweet-tart, and pleasantly aromatic. ‘Hesztia’ requires two picks. It develops internal disorders below 2 °C in air

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Maycon Diego Ribeiro, Rhuanito Soranz Ferrarezi, and Roberto Testezlaf

and larger seedlings, with roots that filled nearly the full internal volume. As shown in Table 1 , there was an average leaking volume of 3.58 L per bench per irrigation event, although there was no significant difference between the units ( P = 0

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Kathleen Delate, Andrea McKern, Robert Turnbull, James T.S. Walker, Richard Volz, Allan White, Vincent Bus, Dave Rogers, Lyn Cole, Natalie How, Sarah Guernsey, and Jason Johnston

, exhibited the largest amount of senescent breakdown, and after 4 months showed higher amounts of splitting. On the other hand, conventional ‘McIntosh’ apples stored in controlled atmosphere (CA) showed the most internal browning after 8 months, and when

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Cristina Pisani, Mark A. Ritenour, Ed Stover, Anne Plotto, Rocco Alessandro, David N. Kuhn, and Raymond J. Schnell

) direction. The maximum force was recorded. Internal quality was evaluated on the same fruit used in destructive tests. Fruits were cut in half and assessed relative to the outer and cut surfaces displaying a disorder or rot, using the rating scale from the

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Christine Schumann, Henrik Jürgen Schlegel, Eckhard Grimm, Moritz Knoche, and Alexander Lang

.e., ≈ ≈ 0). This assumption is based on the following arguments. First, the fruit surface is covered by a cuticle that represents the dominant rate-limiting barrier to transpiration. Thus, internal resistors to water transfer such as the plasma membranes