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Lisa W. DeVetter, Sean Watkinson, Ramesh Sagili, and Timothy Lawrence

low rainfall and, as a consequence, have established systems of irrigation and evaporative cooling. Solar radiation from 1 Apr. to 31 May was greater in 2015 in western Washington, averaging 218 W/m 2 compared with 192 W/m 2 in 2014. Average solar

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Michael R. Evans, Andrew K. Koeser, Guihong Bi, Susmitha Nambuthiri, Robert Geneve, Sarah Taylor Lovell, and J. Ryan Stewart

trays would inevitably affect evaporation from the porous container walls and overall plant water use. Consequently, the objective of this study was to evaluate water use of various biocontainers placed freely on a bench compared with biocontainers

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Bryan J. Peterson, Stephanie E. Burnett, and Olivia Sanchez

evaporative cooling from the leaf surface ( Hartmann et al., 2011 ). However, overhead mist has potential drawbacks, including the use of large volumes of water, potentially unsanitary conditions created by persistent water films on leaves ( Preece, 2003

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Christopher J. Currey and Roberto G. Lopez

acid (Ulrich Chemical, Indianapolis, IN) at 0.08 mL·L −1 to reduce alkalinity to 100 mg·L −1 and pH to a range of 5.7 to 6.0. Plants were grown in a polyethylene-covered greenhouse with exhaust fan and evaporative cooling pad and radiant hot water

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Amanda J. Vance and Bernadine C. Strik

evaporative cooling if necessary [15 gal/h sprinkler heads (Supernet; Netafim USA, Fresno, CA)], was used for this trial. Two methods of application were evaluated: 1) 2 qt/acre applied with an airblast sprayer (Rears Manufacturing) in 50 gal/acre water, 2) 2

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Kemin Su, Dale J. Bremer, Richard Jeannotte, Ruth Welti, and Celeste Yang

Heat stress is often a problem in cool-season turfgrasses during summer months in the transition zone of the United States. This region covers 480 to 1120 km north to south between the northern regions where cool-season grasses are adapted and the

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Xiang Wang, Rajeev Arora, Harry T. Horner, and Stephen L. Krebs

leakage from freeze–thaw-injured tissues as described by Lim et al. (1998) . The discs were cooled in a temperature-controlled glycol bath (Isotemp 3028; Fisher Scientific, Pittsburgh, PA) for nonacclimated (NA) leaves sampled in Aug. 2007 or in a

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Oliver Körner, Jesper Mazanti Aaslyng, Andrea Utoft Andreassen, and Niels Holst

the different speed of warming up and cooling down, crop temperature can be higher or lower than greenhouse air temperature. As it is the crop temperature that influences crop growth and developmental processes, crop temperature rather than greenhouse

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Tim R. Pannkuk, Richard H. White, Kurt Steinke, Jacqueline A. Aitkenhead-Peterson, David R. Chalmers, and James C. Thomas

landscapes designed for water conservation ( Peterson et al., 1999 ). Evapotranspiration (ET) is the amount of water lost through evaporation from the soil and plant surface plus that lost through plant transpiration. Reference evapotranspiration (ET o

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Susmitha Nambuthiri, Amy Fulcher, Andrew K. Koeser, Robert Geneve, and Genhua Niu

rice hull containers due to the increased evaporative cooling and the fact that fiber containers reflect more light compared with standard plastic containers ( Nambuthiri et al., 2012 ). Use of fiber containers may be a management tool for growing