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Takafumi Kinoshita and Masaharu Masuda

decrease capillary action. To solve this problem, Masuda (2008) developed a root-proof capillary-wick irrigation system for long-term vegetable production by making the wick impenetrable to the roots. In this irrigation system, water is stably supplied by

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Mindy L. Bumgarner, K. Francis Salifu, Michael V. Mickelbart, and Douglass F. Jacobs

substantially conserve irrigation water ( Dumroese et al., 2006 ; Landis and Wilkinson, 2004 ) and promote plant growth at reduced nutrient applications compared with overhead systems ( Beeson and Knox, 1991 ; Pinto et al., 2008 ). Subirrigated forest tree

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Tej P. Acharya, Mark S. Reiter, Greg Welbaum, and Ramón A. Arancibia

., 2013 ; Tamang et al., 2017 ). Therefore, adequate N application for optimum growth and yield may improve NFUE and apparent N recovery efficiency (ANRE), as well as reduce cost and the risk of pollution in a sustainable vegetable production system

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Thomas Graham, Ping Zhang, Youbin Zheng, and Michael A. Dixon

phase ozone. The mechanisms of this difference remain to be determined and will no doubt hold strict license on the design and application of aqueous ozone systems in a nursery setting. The aqueous ozone phytotoxic threshold established under the

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Renata L. Solan, Jed B. Colquhoun, Richard A. Rittmeyer, and Daniel J. Heider

, herbicides are ground-applied making banding a simple alternative to broadcast application; however, in other parts of the country where herbicides are applied to potato cropping systems by chemigation banded herbicide application may not be cost-effective or

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Jinsheng Huang, Paul R. Fisher, and William R. Argo

a substrate is an important property that should be considered for pH control and management in greenhouse crop production. The results shown in Figures 6 and 7 indicate that the gasometric system is a useful tool for optimizing lime application

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Michael H. Hagemann, Malte G. Roemer, Julian Kofler, Martin Hegele, and Jens N. Wünsche

, attempting to overcome or at least to alleviate the limitations described. Consequently, fruit drop of two mango cultivars was monitored in largely different cropping and management systems over six seasons in the Province Sơn La in North Vietnam and data

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Ningguang Dong, Jianxun Qi, Yuanfa Li, Yonghao Chen, and Yanbin Hao

cause oxidative stress at the cellular level ( Hu et al., 2017 ; Liu et al., 2011 ; Theocharis et al., 2012 ). To scavenge ROS and combat oxidant damage, plants have evolved an antioxidant defense system consisting of several antioxidant enzymes; i

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Don C. Elfving and Dwayne B. Visser

and Thimann, 1958 ). Pruning can interrupt the hormonally based apical dominance control system and encourage buds that otherwise might remain quiescent to form shoots. For this reason, commonly used training systems for sweet cherries rely on pruning

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Clint Hoffmann, Brad Fritz, Dan Martin, Ryan Atwood, Tim Hurner, Mark Ledebuhr, Matt Tandy, John L. Jackson, and Gail Wisler

pathogen necessitate chemical control in the form of pesticide applications ( Tolley, 1990 ). Given the seriousness of the disease, it is important to protect even apparently disease-free trees ( Aubert, 1990 ), especially with new growth flush ( Aubert