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Jan Bizjak, Nika Weber, Maja Mikulic-Petkovsek, Ana Slatnar, Franci Stampar, Zobayer Alam, Karl Stich, Heidi Halbwirth, and Robert Veberic

). Fruit sampling. Fruit sampling started on 9 Sept. (before the first spraying) and was performed weekly until commercial harvest, which was determined using the starch iodine test. At that time the value of firmness was 9.5 kg·cm −2 and the starch index

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Charles T. Rohla, Michael W. Smith, and Niels O. Maness

then stored in an airtight glass jar at 0 °C until analyzed. Organically bound N was analyzed by the macro-Kjeldahl method ( Horowitz, 1980 ), and K was analyzed using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Nonstructural carbohydrates (starch, reducing and

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Eckhard Grimm and Moritz Knoche

Adriana, Dönissens Gelbe, Flamengo Srim, Frühe Rote Mecklenburger, Hedelfinger, Rainier, Sam, Staccato, and Sweetheart, all grafted on Gisela 5 rootstocks ( Prunus cerasus L. × Prunus canescens Bois), were sampled at commercial maturity as indexed by

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Valéria Santos Cavalcante, Renato de Mello Prado, Ricardo de Lima Vasconcelos, Hilário Júnior de Almeida, and Thais Ramos da Silva

[measured at the bottom base with the aid of a Starrett (Athol, MA) 727-2001 ® digital caliper], and leaf area (measured with an LI-3100 Area Meter; LI-COR, Lincoln, NE). The green color index was evaluated in leaves exhibiting deficiency symptoms with the

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Yanrong Lv, Ibrahim I. Tahir, and Marie E. Olsson

stage. Fruit harvesting date was estimated according to our experience with this cultivar ( Tahir, 2006 ) using Streif Index {firmness [kg·cm −2 ] × [total soluble solid (%) × starch hydrolysis index (degradation stage)] −2 } and previous results

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Ashley A. Thompson and Gregory M. Peck

, balance, and penetrometer, respectively (Fruit Texture Analyzer; GÜSS Manufacturing Ltd., Strand, South Africa). Flesh firmness was measured once on each side of the fruit after removing part of the peel with an 11.1 mm diameter tip. Starch pattern index

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Xiaotao Ding, Liyao Yu, Yuping Jiang, Shaojun Yang, Lizhong He, Qiang Zhou, Jizhu Yu, and Danfeng Huang

transduction ( Tanaka and Tanaka, 2006 ). We found that the overall variation in chlorophyll a , chlorophyll b , and carotenoid shared similar patterns from the first to the 15th leaf, meaning that the middle leaves possessed higher contents, and the bottom

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Jaroslav Ďurkovič, František Kačík, Miroslava Mamoňová, Monika Kardošová, Roman Longauer, and Jana Krajňáková

-average molecular weight), and the values were recalculated to underivatized cellulose using a coefficient k = 162 g·mol –1 /519 g·mol –1 . Polydispersity index (PDI) of cellulose was calculated as the ratio M w / M n . Degree of polymerization (DP w ) values were

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Bhaskar Bondada

the berries reminiscent of a deflated soccer ball, clusters afflicted with SOUR shrivel had an analogous cluster framework ( Fig. 1B and inset). The SOUR shrivel berries displayed a distinct wrinkling pattern on the exocarp wherein deep grooves formed

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Tripti Vashisth and Taylor Livingston

citrus psyllid [ Diaphorina citri ( Halbert and Manjunath, 2004 )]. C Las, is a phloem-limited bacterium; and once a tree is infected by C Las, plugging in the phloem sieve pores can be observed, resulting in an accumulation of starch in symptomatic