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Zhou Li, Yan Peng, and Bingru Huang

recent study on functional genomics and metabolomics in Arabidopsis thaliana suggested that GABA may act as a signaling molecule interacting with phytohormones and other metabolites ( Batushansky et al., 2014 ; Renault et al., 2011 ). Exogenous

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Yingmei Ma and Emily Merewitz

, E. 2015 Phytohormone responses and cell viability during salinity stress in two creeping bentgrass cultivars differing in salt tolerance J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 140 346 355 Li, Z. Zhang, Y. Peng, D. Wang, X. Peng, Y. He, X. Zhang, X. Ma, X. Huang, L

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Xiao-Juan Wei, Jinlin Ma, Kun Wang, Xiao-Jing Liang, Jin-Xuan Lan, Yue-Juan Li, Kai-Xiang Li, and Haiying Liang

camellias for earlier harvest. Considerable studies have demonstrated that phytohormones can induce early flowering in many plant species. However, the effect varies with the plant species, its age, and concentration of phytohormones used. For instance

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Lu Gan, Xunzhong Zhang, Silu Liu, and Shuxia Yin

drought stress and GB application ( Yamamoto et al., 2008 ). Research has shown that phytohormone biosynthetic and signaling pathways interact with metabolites and regulate the growth and development of plants under drought stress ( Peleg and Blumwald

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Huiling Wang, Wei Wang, Weidong Huang, and Haiying Xu

acid is a phenolic phytohormone, which has always been identified as a key signaling molecule involved in plant defense responses against stresses ( An and Mou, 2011 ). Previous studies have shown that SA can enhance the accumulation of flavonoid

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Amaya Atucha and Greg Litus

IR have been described in plants: systemic acquired resistance (SAR) and induced systemic resistance (ISR). SAR can be triggered by chemical and biological elicitors, and is mediated by the phytohormone salicylic acid, and involves the synthesis of

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Mudau N. Fhatuwani and Makunga P. Nokwanda

associated with changes in sugar metabolism during seasons, which are also affected by phytohormones such as abscisic acid and ethylene. Both of these phytohormones are involved in responses to environmental factors, and several studies have established their

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Tripti Vashisth and Taylor Livingston

performed using qRT-PCR. Fourteen genes related to plant defense response, phytohormone metabolism and signaling, and carbohydrate metabolism were used. The list of genes with their Arabidopsis homologs, primer sequence, and amplicon size used in this

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Saquib Waheed, Yuan Peng, and Lihui Zeng

). In this study, GA 3 and IAA were found to be upregulated and enhanced the transcriptional activity of GUS . The gibberellin class of phytohormones is involved in the control of flowering in many species ( Hedden, 2017 ). GA 3 is linked with other

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Angela R. Davis, Penelope Perkins-Veazie, Richard Hassell, Amnon Levi, Stephen R. King, and Xingping Zhang

wilting. Incompatibility can be affected by tissue and structure difference, physiological and biochemical characteristics, growing stage of rootstock and scion, phytohormones, and the environment. Generally, grafting compatibility is related to