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Saquib Waheed, Yuan Peng, and Lihui Zeng

). In this study, GA 3 and IAA were found to be upregulated and enhanced the transcriptional activity of GUS . The gibberellin class of phytohormones is involved in the control of flowering in many species ( Hedden, 2017 ). GA 3 is linked with other

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Zhou Li, Yan Peng, and Bingru Huang

recent study on functional genomics and metabolomics in Arabidopsis thaliana suggested that GABA may act as a signaling molecule interacting with phytohormones and other metabolites ( Batushansky et al., 2014 ; Renault et al., 2011 ). Exogenous

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Feifei Li, Da Zhan, Lixin Xu, Liebao Han, and Xunzhong Zhang

of antioxidant defenses. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York, NY Musatenko, L.I. Vedenicheva, N.P. Vasyuk, V.A. Generalova, V.N. 2003 Phytohormones in seedlings of maize hybrids differing in their tolerance to high temperature Russ. J. Plant

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Huiling Wang, Wei Wang, Weidong Huang, and Haiying Xu

acid is a phenolic phytohormone, which has always been identified as a key signaling molecule involved in plant defense responses against stresses ( An and Mou, 2011 ). Previous studies have shown that SA can enhance the accumulation of flavonoid

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Tripti Vashisth and Taylor Livingston

performed using qRT-PCR. Fourteen genes related to plant defense response, phytohormone metabolism and signaling, and carbohydrate metabolism were used. The list of genes with their Arabidopsis homologs, primer sequence, and amplicon size used in this

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Vijaya Shukla, Yingmei Ma, and Emily Merewitz

Plant cells contain long-chain amine compounds called polyamines, of which the most common are spermidine, spermine, and putrescine. These compounds are considered phytohormone-like because they play various regulatory roles in plant cells. They are

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Yingmei Ma and Emily Merewitz

, E. 2015 Phytohormone responses and cell viability during salinity stress in two creeping bentgrass cultivars differing in salt tolerance J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 140 346 355 Li, Z. Zhang, Y. Peng, D. Wang, X. Peng, Y. He, X. Zhang, X. Ma, X. Huang, L

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Yu-Chi Lee and Jer-Chia Chang

set, seed weight, and shriveling of ‘73-S-20’ litchi—with special reference to artificial induction of parthenocarpy HortScience 50 369 373 Davenport, T.L. 2000 Processes influencing floral initiation and bloom: The role of phytohormones in a

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Amaya Atucha and Greg Litus

IR have been described in plants: systemic acquired resistance (SAR) and induced systemic resistance (ISR). SAR can be triggered by chemical and biological elicitors, and is mediated by the phytohormone salicylic acid, and involves the synthesis of

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Xiao-Juan Wei, Jinlin Ma, Kun Wang, Xiao-Jing Liang, Jin-Xuan Lan, Yue-Juan Li, Kai-Xiang Li, and Haiying Liang

camellias for earlier harvest. Considerable studies have demonstrated that phytohormones can induce early flowering in many plant species. However, the effect varies with the plant species, its age, and concentration of phytohormones used. For instance