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Giverson Mupambi, Stefano Musacchi, Sara Serra, Lee A. Kalcsits, Desmond R. Layne, and Tory Schmidt

season. Commercial apple growers use overhead evaporative cooling, reflective particle film, and sunscreen wax sprays to minimize heat stress in orchards, but these practices have limitations. Water is not always available for evaporative cooling ( Evans

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Beiquan Mou

of many horticultural crops, especially those cool-season species. Growing crops above their optimal temperature range may lead to cellular damages and the development of physiological disorders. Even warm-season crops may be affected by heat stresses

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D. Michael Glenn

, M.E. Berkett, L.P. Bradshaw, T. 2003 Does Surround have non-target impacts on New England orchards? In: Bramlage, W. (ed.). Proc. New England Fruit Meetings 2002–2003. 108–109:35–39 Gindaba, J. Wand, S.J.E. 2005 Comparative effects of evaporative

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Jinmin Fu and Peter H. Dernoeden

first sign of leaf wilt to replenish the root zone with water ( Fry and Huang, 2004 ). DI irrigation generally is recommended for maintaining cool-season grasses in summer ( Beard, 1973 ; Fry and Huang, 2004 ). Carbohydrate metabolism in leaves and

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Jeffery C. Kallestad, John G. Mexal, Theodore W. Sammis, and Richard Heerema

model ( Kallestad et al., 2006 ). According to the Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey ( U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2002 ) only 2% of farms in New Mexico use soil moisture-sensing devices, and less than 1% refer to daily crop evaporation reports or

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Ellen T. Paparozzi

., 2012 ). We decided to reduce the evaporation from the mat system by creating a plastic sandwich—6-mil black polyethylene (Hummert International, Earth City, MO) on the bottom, then the fiber mat with drip tape, and a top layer of plastic. To increase

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Daniel Hargey, Benjamin Wherley, Casey Reynolds, Richard White, and Garrett Parker

Winter overseeding of dormant bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon sp.) athletic turf has been a common practice in the transition zone and southern United States. Winter overseeding provides an actively growing cool-season turfgrass stand that provides

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Kelly T. Morgan, Lincoln Zotarelli, and Michael D. Dukes

conditions than calm conditions. More is also lost during high evaporative demand periods (hot, dry days) than during low-demand periods (cool, cloudy, humid days). Thus, sprinkler irrigation systems usually apply water more efficiently at night (and early

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Ustun Sahin, Melek Ekinci, Fatih Mehmet Kiziloglu, Ertan Yildirim, Metin Turan, Recep Kotan, and Selda Ors

sunshine, total evaporation, and precipitation values were 20.0 °C, 49.6%, 1.9 m·s −1 , 9.4 h, 350 mm, and 38.4 mm, respectively. In addition, values of these climatic parameters in growing period (16 Aug.–27 Sept.) of 2013 were 16.1 °C, 48.7%, 1.7 m·s −1

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Medani Omer, James C. Locke, and Jonathan M. Frantz

overwatering ( Jones, 2001 ). Wet soil conditions can favor the production, survival, and dissemination of zoospores and sporangia. Root rot can reduce efficient water uptake by roots compromising the evaporative cooling ability of the plant ( Mengistu et al