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input and hard work on this recurrent selection project, and four anonymous reviewers for their suggestions to this manuscript. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. Under postal regulations, this paper

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been involved in pecan cultivar testing for over 93 years ( Worley and Mullinix, 1994 ). More recently, it has been a testing location for the National Pecan Advanced Clone Testing System (NPACTS). This system tests advanced pecan selections from the

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selection decision ( Ettenson and Turner, 1997 ). In contrast, when choosing services from nonprofessionals, such as dry cleaners and hair stylists, the factor's order of importance differed depending upon which nonprofessional service was sought ( Ettenson

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available. It is grown on sugar maple ( Acer saccharum ) rootstock, produces yellow to orange-red fall color, and is commercially available (J. Frank Schmidt, Boring, OR). ‘Western Torch’ wasatch maple ( A. grandidentatum ) is an identified selection with

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The increasing interest in grape and wine production in colder regions of the United States over the past 3 decades has brought consistent progress in the breeding and selection of cold-tolerant, disease-resistant grape cultivars. Among the most

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Since the 1980s, there has been consistent progress in breeding and selection of cold-hardy, disease-resistant grape cultivars that are adapted to the cool, humid climates of the eastern and central United States. Many of these cultivars are based

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(NTEP), including the 2007 and 2013 National Bermudagrass Tests ( NTEP, 2007 , 2013 ). In addition, three OSU experimental lines were included in this test: OKS 2009-3, OKS 2011-1, and OKS 2011-4. These latter three selections were included because of

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to determine 1) if the selection displays invasive traits that cause greater ecological impact than the wild-type or resident species and if it can be readily distinguished; and 2) the fecundity of the selection and its chances of regression or

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Crabapples (Malus spp.) are commonly planted ornamental trees in public and private landscapes. Hundreds of selections are available that represent a wide range of growth habits, ornamental traits, and varying degrees of resistance/susceptibility to disease. We distributed 1810 questionnaires in 13 states (Oregon, Washington, Utah, Colorado, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania) to members of either nursery and landscape associations or the Associated Landscape Contractors of America (ACLA, Herndon, Va.) to identify crabapple preferences across a broad geographic region of the United States. We also were interested in learning if regional disease problems were important to green-industry professionals as they decide which crabapples to include in their inventories. Our respondent population numbered 511 (28.2% response rate). A large percentage of respondents (79.4%) said their retail clients focused mostly on fl ower color when choosing crabapples for the home landscape, while commercial clients showed slightly more interest in growth habit (32.5%) than fl ower color (28.7%). `Prairifire' was identified by respondents in all regions, except the west-central (Colorado and Utah), as the crabapple most frequently recommended to clients when tree size is not important. Respondents in the west-central region most often (48.7%) recommend the fruitless selection `Spring Snow'. Respondents in all regions, except the west-central, identified apple scab (Venturia inaequalis) as the most prevalent crabapple disease and named scab-susceptible `Radiant' as the selection most frequently discontinued.

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. Varieties adapted to diverse environments and matching consumer preferences must undergo rigorous evaluation using farmer and consumer participatory approaches in diverse production environments. Farmer participatory plant breeding or variety selection has

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