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Jinwook Lee, James P. Mattheis, and David R. Rudell

breakdown ( A ), radial, stem-end flesh breakdown ( B ), cracking ( C ), and peeling ( D ) in cold-stored ‘Royal Gala’ apples. Table 3. Incidence and severity of diffuse flesh breakdown, radial stem-end flesh breakdown, shriveling, cracking, and peeling

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Cindy B.S. Tong, Hsueh-Yuan Chang, Jennifer K. Boldt, Yizhou B. Ma, Jennifer R. DeEll, Renae E. Moran, Gaétan Bourgeois, and Dominique Plouffe

affected and healthy tissue and from senescent breakdown by a lack of browning in the vascular tissue. This diffuse flesh browning disorder resembles previously described cortical browning disorders, but conditions that cause it remain unclear. A number of

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C.B. Watkins and F.W. Liu

periods in controlled atmosphere (CA) storage for ‘Empire’ apples. The most serious of these is a diffuse flesh browning ( DeEll et al., 2007 ; Watkins and Nock, 2005 ). The disorder is similar to flesh browning as described by Meheriuk et al. (1994

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Jinwook Lee, James P. Mattheis, and David R. Rudell

treated fruit may be associated with reduced fresh weight loss and ripening during cold storage ( Bai et al., 2005 ; Fan et al., 1999 ). The incidence of ‘Royal Gala’ flesh breakdown increases with increased fruit size but flesh breakdown severity is

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Jinwook Lee, In-Kyu Kang, Jacqueline F. Nock, and Christopher B. Watkins

Watkins, 2008 ), diffuse flesh breakdown ( Lee et al., 2016 ), core browning ( DeEll and Ehsani-Moghaddam, 2013 ), fruit cracking ( Lee et al., 2016 ), flesh breakdown ( Lee et al., 2013 ), peel greasiness ( Dong et al., 2012 ), and superficial scald

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Rachel Leisso, Ines Hanrahan, and Jim Mattheis

relationships with soft scald/soggy breakdown ( Watkins et al., 2003 ). Previous work has further demonstrated that preharvest climactic conditions can impact ‘Honeycrisp’ postharvest disorders, such as low temperature affecting diffuse flesh browning ( Tong et

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Renae Moran, Jennifer DeEll, and Cindy B.S. Tong

storage, incidences of soft scald, soggy breakdown, bitter pit, lenticel blotch, lenticel breakdown, senescent breakdown, diffuse flesh browning, and core browning were counted. Statistical analyses. The main effects of harvest date and location and their

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Kate A. Nishijima, Marisa M. Wall, Maureen M. Fitch, Lionel S. Sugiyama, Ronald C. Keith, and Wayne T. Nishijima

cloacae , the causal agent of internal yellowing (IY) disease of papaya. Although IY is not discernable on the fruit exterior, internal quality is diminished by fluorescent yellow discolored flesh, tissue softening, and an offensive, rotting odor

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Yosef Al Shoffe and Christopher B. Watkins

‘Honeycrisp’ apples HortScience 38 1153 1155 Tong, C.B. Chang, H.Y. Boldt, J.K. Ma, Y.B. DeEll, J.R. Moran, R.E. Bourgeois, G. Plouffe, D. 2016 Diffuse flesh browning in ‘Honeycrisp’ apple fruit is associated with low temperatures during fruit growth

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Giverson Mupambi, Nadia A. Valverdi, Hector Camargo-Alvarez, Michelle Reid, Lee Kalcsits, Tory Schmidt, Felipe Castillo, and Jonathan Toye

included incoming PAR (sensor facing up), reflected PAR (sensor facing down), and diffused PAR (sensor at a 45° angle facing down) ( Solomakhin and Blanke, 2007 ). For the diffuse measurements, the sensor was orientated toward the east. A single