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  • Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science x
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plants, the storage carbohydrates are primarily fructans, which are located in the roots ( Shiomi, 1993 ). Mobilization in support of spear growth is initiated by hydrolysis of fructans to sucrose and subsequent transport of the sucrose to the above

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Rabbiteye blueberry [Vaccinium ashei (Reade)] production is increasing rapidly and growers of large plantings are converting rapidly from hand harvesting to machine harvesting. In three tests conducted during 1985, machine-harvested ‘Climax’ and ‘Woodard’ blueberries were softer and had higher moisture loss and decay than handpicked fruit after 1, 2, or 3 weeks of storage at 3°C. For both cultivars, berry firmness remained relatively constant during storage, whereas decay and weight loss increased. Berries of ‘Climax’ were firmer, less acidic, and developed less decay than ‘Woodard’. These results will assist in identifying the best fresh-market berries for export from the United States to Western Europe.

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Parthenocarpic cucumber fruit (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Deliva) of marketable maturity (10 to 14 days after anthesis) were held at 12.5° or 20°C in reduced O2 levels for 5 or 18 days before transfer to air. Carbon dioxide production at reduced O2 levels was generally less than in air; however, at O2 levels < 0.5%, anaerobic respiration resulted in increased rates of CO2 production. Upon transfer to air after 18 days, all samples from reduced O2 showed increased CO2 production rates that equalled or exceeded that of the air controls. Except at 0.0% and 0.25% O2 levels, ethylene production was increased in reduced O2. After transfer to air, ethylene production increased and the increase was inversely related to the previous O2 level. Ethanol and acetaldehyde production were measureable for fruit held in 1% O2 after 18 days at 12.5° and showed dramatic increases at lower O2 levels. Low-O2 injury (pitting) developed on most fruit held at 0.0% O2 and on many fruit held at 0.25% O2. Only minima! commercial benefits are likely to be realized from storage of 1 to 3 weeks in 0.5% to 2.0% O2 at 12.5°.

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1 Current address: Fintrac Consulting Ltd., Hythe, Welches, Christchurch, Barbados, West Indies. Research supported by the Overseas Development Administration, England, commissioned project “Tropical and subtropical fruit storage and ripening”. The

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Twenty-six strains of `Delicious' apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) were evaluated over several years for growth, yield, and fruit quality at harvest and after 6 months of storage. `August Red', `Rose Red', and `Sharp Red' had larger trunk cross-sectional area (TCSA) 3 and 18 years after planting compared to most other strains. `August Red' and `Starking' had larger TCSA and cumulative yield. `Apex,' `Improved Ryan Spur', `Silverspur', `Starkrimson', and `Wellspur' were also among strains with high cumulative yields and yield efficiencies. `Hardi-Brite Spur' and `Red King Oregon Spur' had moderately high yields and small TCSAs, thus, high yield efficiencies. `Atwood', `Hardispur', `Imperial', `Improved Ryanred', `Starkspur Supreme', and `Topred' had low cumulative yields. `Ace' and `Improved Ryanred' had low yield efficiencies. `Ace', `Imperial', `Red King Oregon Spur', `Rose Red', `Starking', and `Wellspur' had heavier fruit, while fruit weight in `August Red', `Hardispur', and `Starkrimson' was lighter than that in most other strains. `Redspur' and `Starkspur Supreme' had the largest length to diameter (L/D) ratios. `Early Red One' had a similar red skin color rating as `Rose Red.' The red skin color rating of `Early Red One' was significantly higher than that of all other strains. `Hi-Early', `Improved Ryanred', `Redspur', and `Starking' had the poorest skin color ratings. `Hardispur', `Nured Royal', `Silverspur', and `Starkrimson' had high soluble solids concentrations (SSCs) at harvest and after storage. `Early Red One', `Imperial', `Improved Ryan Spur', and `Red King Oregon Spur' had lower SSCs at harvest and after storage. Fruit of `Apex' and `Redspur' had relatively high firmness at harvest, while `Hardispur', `Silverspur', `Starkrimson', and `Starkspur Supreme' had firm fruit at harvest and after storage. `Hardi-Brite Spur' had the softest fruit after storage, and fruit from `Rose Red' had a lower firmness than most other strains at harvest and after storage. Considering cumulative yield, yield efficiency, or some quality parameters, `Apex', `Classic Red', `Improved Ryan Spur', `Red King Oregon Spur', `Silverspur', and `Wellspur' had satisfactory overall performance. Strains are also suggested for planting depending on the market situation and the demand for a particular quality factor. `Hardispur' and `Sturdeespur' (Miller) are not recommended for planting under climatic conditions similar to those of this experiment.

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Onion is grown in more than 160 countries ( FAO, 2014 ) and is ranked consistently as the third highest valued vegetable crop in the United States ( U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2016 ). Long-day storage cultivars are used extensively on every

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cortical tissue and manifested as brown or black patches on the fruit skin, is the most devastating physiological disorder of ‘Anjou’ fruit during long-term storage ( Chen et al., 1990b ; Whitaker, 2007 ). The cellular damage to the peel is thought to be

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Juices from 2 cultivars of muscadine grapes (Vitis rotundifolio Michx.), ‘Noble’ (dark-skinned) and ‘Carlos’ (bronze-skinned), were mixed with juices of ‘Concord’ and ‘Niagara’ grapes, cranberry or apple. ‘Noble’ juice, combined with ‘Concord’ juice, resulted in the highest quality among the dark mixtures prepared. Also, the mixtures retained most color and flavor during a 12 month storage period. ‘Carlos’ juice rated higher in quality when blended with the light-colored juices of apple and ‘Niagara’ than with the dark colored juice. The light amber color was stable during a 12 month storage period, and the flavor and overall acceptance of the mixture were rated higher than for the others.

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ripening at permissive temperatures. Results support the hypothesis that the effects of HWT continued even after storage at low temperature during ripening at ambient temperature and increase shelf life of mango fruit during storage. Materials and Methods

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browning is the most serious problem for fresh-cut lotus root during processing and storage, limiting the shelf life of lotus root slices ( Conesa et al., 2007 ; Francis et al., 2012 ; Hodges and Toivonen, 2008 ). Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL

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