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to $41 million in 2009 ( Bernick, 2009 ; Soyatech, 2010 ). Agronomic soybeans have high lipid content and are commonly used as an industrial source of oil. However, high oil content gives edamame an undesirable flavor ( Konovsky et al., 1994

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solvent-extractable lipid extraction and analysis. Fruit treated at harvest were rated for injury 1 month after treatment, after which two fruit from each treatment replication were selected for epicuticular wax analysis. From an area of the peel visually

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A natural lipid, lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE), was used as a tomato fruit ripening agent. The effect of this compound on hastening the ripening and on the defoliation of the `Heinz 7155' processing tomato and the Glamour fresh-market tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) was compared to the effect of ethephon. Vines were sprayed to runoff in the field with a hand sprayer and fruits were harvested 2 weeks or 20 days later in a single harvest operation. LPE (100 mg liter-1) accelerated ripening of both processing and fresh-market tomatoes without defoliation. LPE-treated tomatoes had a better shelf life than the control or ethephon-treated fruit, whether they were harvested at the breaker, pink, or red stage of maturity. The combination of LPE and ethephon (100 mg liter-1) enhanced tomato ripening without damaging the foliage, suggesting that LPE can mitigate the undesirable effects of ethephon on foliage and the fruit. The LPE-related lipid phosphatidyldimethylethanol-amine dipalmitoyl (PDED) also was able to enhance some aspects of keeping quality of tomato fruits, but was not able to enhance fruit ripening. Phosphatidylethanolamine was not as effective as LPE or PDED. It appears that the active molecule of this natural lipid is the lyso form. Our results provide evidence that LPE can enhance tomato fruit ripening and postharvest storage life of vine-ripe fruits and fruits picked at early ripeness stages.

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of fruit enlargement had a greater propensity to develop LB, led to the hypothesis that reducing water vapor permeance of the cuticle preharvest by applying a lipid-based, hydrophobic coating would reduce LB development on fruit in storage

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activity and lipid peroxidation. Fully expanded leaf blades were excised and then wrapped in foil paper, immersed in liquid nitrogen, and stored at −20 °C until measurement was determined. Determination of enzyme activity was carried out using the method

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Seed deterioration is expressed as the loss of quality, viability, and vigor during aging. Several comprehensive reviews have identified free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation, enzyme inactivation or protein degradation, disruption of cellular

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authors found that the palmitic acid content in the mesocarp increases with temperature, whereas the oleic acid content decreases. This suggests an effect of temperature on the lipid metabolism of the avocado during its development. Maturity indices

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, or ice cream, but, until recently, they were not considered of value for their nutritional attributes. Lately, however, pecan kernels have been observed to be beneficial for human health in numerous ways. They improve the serum lipid profile and may

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against armored and soft scales because of the presence or absence of a waxy cover. Yu (2015) reported that the rate of penetration of liposoluble insecticides correlated with the amount of lipid in the insect integument. We used two species of each

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electron transport chains in the chloroplasts can react with O 2 to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ). The excess ROS may cause damage to the cell membrane through lipid peroxidation, proteins, and nucleic acids

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