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Sylvia Letícia Oliveira Silva, Renato de Mello Prado, Gilmara Pereira da Silva, Gabriel Barbosa da Silva Júnior, Monica Lanzoni Rossi and Leónides Castellanos González

reduces cowpea productivity by causing the plant to allocate fewer resources to the formation of reproductive tissues and by causing cellular alterations that account for the characteristic omission symptoms in the vegetative tissues and b) foliar B

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Zhanao Deng and Brent K. Harbaugh

plants used in the foliage plant industry ( Henny, 1988 ; Henny and Chen, 2003 ). Leaf characteristics are one of the most important groups of traits for the commercial values of ornamental aroids. A thorough understanding of the inheritance of foliar

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Shasha Wu, Youping Sun, Genhua Niu, James Altland and Raul Cabrera

alternative water sources such as municipal reclaimed water is common in arid and semiarid regions ( Grieve, 2011 ). A potential problem of using reclaimed water is elevated salt levels, which adversely affects plant growth, development, and causes foliar salt

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David A. Francko, Kenneth G. Wilson, Qingshun Q. Li and Maria A. Equiza

developing methods to improve the cold tolerance characteristics of existing plant cultivars. The variable ability of plant species to withstand frost or freeze conditions is genetically determined, and cold-tolerant plants, like their animal counterparts

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Theoharis Ouzounis and Gregory A. Lang

cherry, meaning a greater proportion of fruit development occurs during active current-season carbon and N uptake. Foliar applications of urea in fall have had positive effects in deciduous fruit trees (e.g., Titus and Kang, 1982 ). Urea is the most

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Benjamin K. Hoover and R.M. Bates

) found that mefenoxam as a soil spray and fosetyl-Al as a foliar spray were both able to delay PRR onset in fraser fir in a field setting. In North Carolina, mefenoxam is recommended if fungicide control of PRR in fraser fir is required ( Sidebottom and

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Jacob H. Shreckhise, James S. Owen Jr. and Alex X. Niemiera

sprays, or both. Bifenazate [Floramite; Mainland, PA (0.65 mL·L −1 )] was applied 45 DAI to all hydrangea and holly using a handheld, carbon dioxide–pressurized sprayer (276 kpa) with a boom nozzle. Eighty-two DAI, foliar tissue samples were collected

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Augusto Ramírez-Godoy, María del Pilar Vera-Hoyos, Natalia Jiménez-Beltrán and Hermann Restrepo-Diaz

). Elicitors are compounds that stimulate any type of defense in the plant and favor the synthesis of secondary metabolites under conditions of both abiotic and biotic stress and can be applied through foliar sprays. Within these compounds, carbohydrates

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Ioannis Chatzicharissis, Konstantinos Kazantzis, Thomas Sotiropoulos and Nikolaos Koutinas

leaf and soil analyses data. With regard to foliar application of nutrients, boron was applied annually at the pre-bloom stage, zinc on newly developed leaves after budbreak, and calcium two to three times before harvest. Trees of ‘Bakirtzeika’ are

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Jennifer K. Boldt, James C. Locke and James E. Altland

only increased 7% in flowers, 105% in stems, and 115% in leaves. This is characteristic of nonaccumulators, which do not accumulate high concentrations of Si in foliar tissue, even when Si is amply available. Although nonaccumulators often exhibit an