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Daljeet S. Dhaliwal and Martin M. Williams II

mg per 100 g), vitamin B1 (0.4 mg per 100 g), vitamin B2 (0.17 mg per 100 g), isoflavones and tocopherols ( Shanmugamsundaram and Yan, 2004 ). The United States is second in global grain-type soybean production, accounting for 122.5 million metric

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Carlos H. Crisosto, Vanessa Bremer, Louise Ferguson, and Gayle M. Crisosto

vitamin C, tocopherols, carotenoids, and phenolics can alter the metabolic activation and detoxification/disposition of carcinogens, affect processes that modify the development of tumor cells ( Kader, 2001 ), and avoid neurochemical and behavioral changes

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Narinder P.S. Dhillon, Supannika Sanguansil, Supornpun Srimat, Roland Schafleitner, B. Manjunath, Parag Agarwal, Qu Xiang, Mohammed Abu Taher Masud, Thaingi Myint, Ngo Thi Hanh, Tran Kim Cuong, Conrado H. Balatero, Venus Salutan-Bautista, Michel Pitrat, Aleš Lebeda, and James D. McCreight

.M. Ledesma, D.R. Habicht, S.D. Ray-Yu, Y. 2017 Varietal and harvesting stage variation in the content of carotenoids, ascorbic acid and tocopherols in the fruit of bitter gourd ( Momordica charantia L.) Plant Genet. Resources. 15 248 259 Dhillon, N

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Dean A. Kopsell, J. Scott McElroy, Carl E. Sams, and David E. Kopsell

. Klein, B.P. Jeffery, E.H. Kushad, M. Walig, M.A. Juvik, J.A. 1999 Carotene, tocopherol, and ascorbate in subspecies of Brassica oleracea J. Agr. Food Chem. 47 1576 1581 Le Marchand, L

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Xiuxiu Sun, Elizabeth Baldwin, Mark Ritenour, Anne Plotto, and Jinhe Bai

-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), and the results showed that oxygen significantly increased the overall discoloration of paprika pigments ( Morais et al., 2001 ). The addition of other antioxidants, such as tocopherols, were able to

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Megan J. Bowman, David K. Willis, and Philipp W. Simon

diverse plant metabolites, including carotenoids, tocopherols, and chlorophylls ( Okada et al., 2008 ). CHXE was included in this study because it was identified in previous research ( Just et al., 2007 ) as being a potential candidate gene controlling

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Chae Shin Lim, Seong Mo Kang, Jeoung Lai Cho, and Kenneth C. Gross

( Scandalios, 1993 ). Superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and glutathione reductase (GR) can efficiently detoxify AOS ( Asada, 1994 ). On the other hand, some antioxidant molecules such as ascorbic acid, glutathione, α-tocopherol

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Olga Dichala, Ioannis Therios, Magdalene Koukourikou-Petridou, and Aristotelis Papadopoulos

. Tlili, N. Nasri, N. Yahia, Y. Hannachi, H. Chaira, N. Ying, M. Ferchichi, A. 2011 Antioxidant capacities of phenolic compounds and tocopherols from Tunisian pomegranate ( Punica granatum ) fruits J. Food Sci. 76 C707 C713 El-Khawaga, A.S. 2007 Reduction

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Suping Zhou, Roger J. Sauvé, Zong Liu, Sasikiran Reddy, Sarabjit Bhatti, Simon D. Hucko, Yang Yong, Tara Fish, and Theodore W. Thannhauser

> Tanaka, R. Oster, U. Kruse, E. Rudiger, W. Grimm, B. 1999 Reduced activity of geranylgeranyl reductase leads to loss of chlorophyll and tocopherol and to partially geranylgeranylated chlorophyll in transgenic tobacco plants expressing antisense RNA for

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Attila Hegedűs, Emőke Balogh, Rita Engel, Béla Zoltan Sipos, János Papp, Anna Blázovics, and Éva Stefanovits-Bányai

( Roginsky and Lissi, 2005 ). In addition to tocopherols, carotenes, and ascorbic acid, phenolics are the main antioxidant components of fruits, vegetables, tea, wine, and so on. Although AOC of polyphenols is associated with various mechanisms, the elevated