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Muqiu Zhao, Huaibao Zhao, Qianjin Du, and Yunfeng Shi

and MAW, are potential alternatives for improving N efficiency in agriculture production. Among the inhibitory compounds proposed, phenols, alkaloids, isothiocyanates, and terpenoids have received some attention, especially the phenolic derivatives

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Jianjun Chen, Lijia Li, and Ying Wang

Kit (Roche, Basel, Switzerland) following the manufacturer’s instructions. FISH was conducted according to Jiang et al. (1995) . Digoxigenin-labeled probes were detected with sheep anti-digoxigenin (Roche) and amplified with fluorescein isothiocyanate

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Jonas Christensen, Uffe Bjerre Lauridsen, Christian Andreasen, and Henrik Lütken

the glucosinolates are released and hydrolyzed by myrosinases to isothiocyanates. This group of chemicals is associated with cancer-preventive activity and gives Brassicaceae species the characteristic mustard-like flavor ( Falk et al., 2007 ; Lee et

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S. Alan Walters and Elizabeth A. Wahle

pungency of horseradish roots is caused by isothiocyanate compounds released from the glucosinolates sinigrin and 2-phenylethylglucosinolate by the naturally occurring enzyme myrosinase found in the plant ( Simon et al., 1984 ). Li and Kushad (2004) found

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Levi Fredrikson, Patricia A. Skinkis, and Ed Peachey

.R. Juroszek, P. Mortensen, D.A. 2000 A comparison of visual and photographic estimates of weed biomass and weed control Weed Technol. 14 586 590 Petersen, J. Belz, R. Walker, F. Hurle, K. 2001 Weed suppression by release of isothiocyanates from turnip

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P. Gordon Braun, Keith D. Fuller, Kenneth McRae, and Sherry A.E. Fillmore

,2 dichloropropane, and methyl isothiocyanate were shown effective in managing this disease ( Covey et al., 1979 ; Ross et al., 1983 ). A few micro-organisms and a nematode have been repeatedly identified as probable causal agents: Cylindrocarpon spp., Pythium

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D. Grant McCarty II, Sarah E. Eichler Inwood, Bonnie H. Ownley, Carl E. Sams, Annette L. Wszelaki, and David M. Butler

decomposition of the organic amendment. The ASD mustard/arugula (with or without molasses) and biofumigant control treatments could also have influenced disease severity based on the biofumigant potential (i.e., isothiocyanates produced from the degradation of

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T. Casey Barickman, Dean A. Kopsell, and Carl E. Sams

. Rubery, P.H. 1980 A study of abscisic acid uptake by apical and proximal root segments of Phaseolus coccineus L Planta 150 312 320 Barickman, T.C. Kopsell, D.A. Sams, C.E. 2013 Selenium influences glucosinolate and isothiocyanates and increases sulfur

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Timothy Coolong

.C Woodrow, J.E. Seiber, J.N. Lenoir, J.S. Krieger, R.I. 2008 Determination of methyl isothiocyanate in air downwind of fields treated with metam-sodium by subsurface drip irrigation J. Agr. Food Chem. 56 7373 7378 Zotarelli, L. Dukes, M.D. Scholbert, J

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Sanele Fana Kubheka, Samson Zeray Tesfay, Asanda Mditshwa, and Lembe Samukelo Magwaza

). Various studies have demonstrated the potential of moringa leaves as a functional additive for food products and food application ( Adetunji et al., 2012 ). Moringa leaves are rich in phenolic acids, flavonoids, glucosinolates, and isothiocyanates. Hot