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Annette S. Bucher and Manfred K. Schenk

We thank the Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt and the Deutsche Kompost Handelsgesellschaft for financial support. Composts were prepared by PlanCoTec, Witzenhausen, Germany. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page

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Joseph G. Masabni and S. Alan Walters

proper soil preparation and plant establishment, and reduced pesticide, water, and fertilizer inputs. The protocol developed for Earth-Kind ® vegetable production includes: 1) an annual soil test; 2) incorporating a 4 to 6-inch layer of compost before

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Danielle D. Treadwell, George J. Hochmuth, Robert C. Hochmuth, Eric H. Simonne, Lei L. Davis, Wanda L. Laughlin, Yuncong Li, Teresa Olczyk, Richard K. Sprenkel, and Lance S. Osborne

, peat–perlite–compost in pots ( Succop and Newman, 2004 ), compost–peat in 72-count trays ( Clark and Cavigelli, 2005 ), compost–peat in Styrofoam transplant flat ( Raviv et al., 1998 ), peat–perlite in 128-count trays ( Russo, 2006 ), a range of peat

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Qingren Wang, Waldemar Klassen, Edward A. Evans, Yungcong Li, and Merlyn Codallo

soil and water in such a fragile region. Composts of municipal solid wastes, including yard wastes, paper, cardboard, food waste, textiles, and so on, have shown high potential to improve soil fertility and production of various crops. For instance

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Ajay Nair, Mathieu Ngouajio, and John Biernbaum

). Growers often design their own mixes using compost and other organic amendments. Organic growers largely depend on compost to manage nutrient requirements of growing transplants. Incorporation of large proportions of compost in the growing medium is not

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John E. Beck, Michelle S. Schroeder-Moreno, Gina E. Fernandez, Julie M. Grossman, and Nancy G. Creamer

based soil management practices, such as cover crop rotations, additions of compost and vermicompost are important practices in organic systems, but may also serve as important transitions from fumigation in conventional strawberry systems. These soil

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Jesse Puka-Beals and Greta Gramig

living mulches and biodegradable surface-applied mulches are not well known. To address these challenges, we adapted two erosion control tactics described in Faucette et al. (2006 ), hydromulching and compost blankets, and applied them as surface mulches

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H.M. Mathers, S.B. Lowe, C. Scagel, D.K. Struve, and L.T. Case

in the nursery industry today are pine bark, hardwood bark, sand, soil, industrial clays and aggregates, composted yard, garbage and animal wastes such as biosolids/sludge, rice hulls, peanut hulls, mushroom compost, peatmoss, coir (a by-product of

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George Kotsiris, Panayiotis A. Nektarios, and Angeliki T. Paraskevopoulou

( Beattie and Berghage, 2004 ) with an organic matter that varies according to the green roof type ( FLL, 2008 ). In most cases, the organic matter of green roof substrates is composed of peat but composts offer an appropriate alternative in an effort to

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Carl J. Rosen, Thomas R. Halbach, and Bert T. Swanson

Composting of municipal solid waste (MSW) has received renewed attention as a result of increasing waste disposal costs and the environmental concerns associated with using landfills. Sixteen MSW composting facilities are currently operating in the United States, with many more in the advanced stages of planning. A targeted end use of the compost is for horticultural crop production. At the present time, quality standards for MSW composts are lacking and need to be established. Elevated heavy metal concentrations in MSW compost have been reported; however, through proper sorting and recycling prior to composting, contamination by heavy metals can be reduced. Guidelines for safe metal concentrations and fecal pathogens in compost, based on sewage sludge research, are presented. The compost has been shown to be useful in horticultural crop production by improving soil physical properties, such as lowering bulk density and increasing water-holding capacity. The compost can supply essential nutrients to a limited extent; however, supplemental fertilizer, particularly N, is usually required. The compost has been used successfully as a sphagnum peat substitute for container media and as a seedbed for turf production. High soluble salts and B, often leading to phytotoxicity, are problems associated with the use of MSW compost. The primary limiting factor for the general use of MSW compost in horticultural crop production at present is the lack of consistent, high-quality compost.