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Sara Serra, Rachel Leisso, Luca Giordani, Lee Kalcsits, and Stefano Musacchi

leaves and, subsequently, affects postharvest fruit quality and postharvest susceptibility to storage disorders. Young ‘Honeycrisp’ orchards are susceptible to bitter pit and symptoms can appear before harvest or during storage ( Rosenberger et al., 2004

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W. Robert Trentham, Carl E. Sams, and William S. Conway

harvest and in extended cold storage ( Recasens et al., 2004 ). Increasing the Ca content of apples maintains fruit firmness, decreases the incidence of disorders such as water core, bitter pit, and internal breakdown ( Bangerth et al., 1972 ; Dierend and

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Yan-xin Duan, Ying Xu, Ran Wang, and Chun-hui Ma

cultivation area increasing, a physiological disorder that appears to be cork spot in this cultivar has occurred in several pear orchards in Shandong province of China, and become a serious problem over the years. Cork spot, bitter pit, and corky core, the

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C.B. Watkins and F.W. Liu

susceptibility to CI. Of these factors, most attention in the literature has been given to mineral concentrations, especially bitter pit and senescent breakdown ( Bramlage, 1993 ; Ferguson and Watkins, 1989 ; Ferguson et al., 1993 ). Correlation analyses

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Thomas Sotiropoulos, Georgios Syrgianidis, and Nikolaos Koutinas

storability during cold storage ( Thiault, 1971 ). Some years fruits showed the physiological disorder “bitter pit,” but this problem was resolved by calcium sprays ( Syrgianidis, 2004 ). The fruit maintains firmness, juiciness, and flavor very well in

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Andrés Mayorga-Gómez, Savithri U. Nambeesan, Timothy Coolong, and Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez

+ deficiency disorders such as bitter pit in apple and BER in peppers, tomatoes, and watermelons ( Gilliham et al., 2011 ; White and Broadley, 2003 ). Initiation of BER often occurs in the distal portion of the fruit as water-soaked spots that eventually

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Luiz C. Argenta, Sérgio T. de Freitas, James P. Mattheis, Marcelo J. Vieira, and Claudio Ogoshi

; Errampalli et al., 2012 ). Similarly, 1-MCP can inhibit physiological disorders such as superficial scald, senescent breakdown, and bitter pit while exacerbating others such as carbon dioxide injury, leather blotch, and diffuse skin browning ( DeEll et al

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Yosef Al Shoffe, Abdul Sattar Shah, Jacqueline F. Nock, and Christopher B. Watkins

than 3 °C ( Moran et al., 2010 ; Watkins et al., 2004 ). Conditioning has little effect on quality factors such as flesh firmness, titratable acidity (TA), and soluble solids concentrations (SSC), although bitter pit incidence and skin greasiness may

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James Mattheis and David R. Rudell

risk at low pO 2 is unknown—as is how higher temp/longer duration conditioning would influence the low pO 2 impacts on fruit quality, particularly SSC, TA, and peel color. Longer conditioning duration can enhance lenticel breakdown, bitter pit

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Thomas Sotiropoulos and Nikolaos Koutinas

not show the postharvest physiological disorders ( Watkins, 2003 ) “external browning” or “water core,” but some years, fruits showed “bitter pit.” However, this problem was resolved by calcium sprays. Fig. 1. Fruits of the apple cultivar Eris. Table 1