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, their cultivar hosts, and sample origin. Results Field observations and symptoms. A preharvest fungal disease survey on rambutan was conducted at the Waiakea Agricultural Experiment Station and at a local farm. Disease symptoms were visible on leaves

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., 2011 ; Oms-Oliu et al., 2012 ; Stewart et al., 2007 ). Profiling of pear fruit Vs, nonpolar (NP), and polar metabolites was used to assess variability within pear metabolome. We employed this methodology to survey postharvest metabolic differences

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used in this study could apply to other regions and crops. Methodology Data collection. The data were collected via two survey instruments, implemented in 2016 and 2018, to investigate if there were differences in growers’ viewpoints in two different

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preference for locally grown over certified organic products, their willingness to pay for organic produce was about the same as for locally grown produce. In addition, a national survey indicated that 44% of consumers reported being equally attracted to

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supports is to use surveys, focus groups, and informational outreach to gauge user interests and needs. A strong member base and supportive community built on active recruiting and program development, strong outreach, and audience-directed activities

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A survey to determine teaching methodologies for plant material courses was conducted. A total of 120 surveys was sent to horticulture programs at U.S. universities and colleges. Thirty-nine, 22, and 8 respondents taught a woody plant (W), a herbaceous perennial (HP)/annual (A) course, and a foliage plant course, respectively; 21 respondents taught a combination of theses courses. The following similarities were noted for W and HP/A: 1) about 190 species per Semester were presented usually in a taxonomic order using slides as the primary teaching medium for lecture, 2) the most common student complaint was too much work and memorization, 3) the most common student compliment was the practical and useful nature of the subject matter, 4) in order of importance, plant identification, landscape value, and plant cultural aspects were emphasized. For W and HP/A, 93% and 65% of plants, respectively, were presented as landscape and arboreta specimens. Seventy percent of W courses used Dirr's Manual of Woody Landscape Plants; 58% and 10% of HP/A courses used Still's Manual of Herbaceous Ornamental Plants and Taylor's Guides, respectively.

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article is to report information about high tunnel use and management practices of growers of horticultural crops in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska as documented in a paper and online survey. It was the large number of experienced growers who

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research. Materials and methods A mail survey was conducted that was comprised of 34 items, including 27 closed-ended and five open-ended questions and six opinion-based, closed-ended questions structured on a five-point scale ( Likert, 1932 ). The first

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implemented and a consumer survey was administered to assess attitudes and awareness before and after the media campaign. Materials and methods In 2011 and 2012, the Michigan Christmas Tree Association, Michigan Floriculture Growers Council, and Michigan

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A survey of Georgia homeowners provided insights about their use of fertilizers and pesticides. Knowledge of current homeowner practices is needed to develop a best management practices manual to be used by Master Gardeners to train the general public through the existing outreach programs. The objective of the training program is to reduce nutrient runoff and garden chemicals and improve the quality of surface water in urban water-sheds. Results showed three of four homeowners did their own landscaping and, therefore, fully controlled the amount of applied chemicals and the area of application. Fertilizers were primarily applied to lawns, but a high percentage of homeowners also applied them to trees, shrubs, and flowers. Insecticides were applied by a larger percentage of homeowners than herbicides. Control of fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) was likely the reason behind the frequent use of insecticides. The desire for a weed free lawn was the plausible motivation behind the use of herbicides, which were used mostly on lawns. Fungicide use was infrequently reported by Georgia homeowners. The pattern of fertilizer and pesticide use suggests that the developed manual should emphasize techniques and cultural practices, which could lower the dependence on chemicals, while ultimately assuring the desired appearance of turf and ornamental plants.

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