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Ravneet K. Sandhu, Nathan S. Boyd, Lincoln Zotarelli, Shinsuke Agehara, and Natalia Peres

, such as plastic mulch, drip tape, and fumigation ( Duval, 2005 ). It is classified as mixed, relay, or strip cropping based on the production design and transplanting date ( Rosa-Schleich et al., 2019 ). There are many other advantages of intercropping

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Paige L. Herring, Abbey C. Noah, and Helen T. Kraus

Sphagnum peat is a finite resource that is often used in the horticultural industry as a component in many substrates specifically in greenhouse production for transplants ( Abad et al., 2001 ). Peat is mined from its natural wetland habitat, and

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Toshio Shibuya, Akihito Sugimoto, Yoshiaki Kitaya, Makoto Kiyota, Yuichiro Nagasaka, and Shinya Kawaguchi

constructed with small plants such as transplants. In addition, this method is especially useful for evaluating plant responses to humidity, because the effects of humidity depend on the vapor pressure deficit (VPD) within the boundary layer of leaves ( Bunce

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Emmanuel A. Torres-Quezada, Lincoln Zotarelli, Vance M. Whitaker, Rebecca L. Darnell, Bielinski M. Santos, and Kelly T. Morgan

( Rubinstein, 2015 ; Whitaker et al., 2014 ). The most commonly used transplant type in Florida is bare root ( Bish and Cantliffe, 2002 ; Bish et al., 1997 ). Bare-root leaf-on transplants promote earlier yield compared with those with leaves removed, but

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Julie Guckenberger Price, Amy N. Wright, Robert S. Boyd, and Kenneth M. Tilt

Newly transplanted trees and shrubs in urban areas frequently encounter compacted soils with disturbed horizons, competition for space with underground infrastructure, pollution, excessive heat, high foot traffic, and are often neglected in terms of

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George E. Boyhan and C. Randy Hill

increase in heterotrophic fungal populations. Amendments included sunflower stalks ( Helianthus annuus ), lucerne ( Medicago sativa ), and Hungarian vetch ( Vicia pannonica ). Onion production in the Vidalia region is primarily a transplanted crop with

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Charlie Garcia and Roberto G. Lopez

, commercially referred to as “transplants” ( Mitchell et al., 2015 ). For example, earlier and multiple harvests per growing season, better stand development, and increased profitability are a result of using high-quality transplants ( Schrader, 2000

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Thayne Montague and Lindsey Fox

Field-grown (FG) trees lose a significant portion of their root system ( Gilman and Beeson, 1996 ) and when transplanted are subjected to great stress. Water deficits often develop ( Montague et al., 2000a ) because the natural balance between

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Charles L. Rohwer and Vincent A. Fritz

; Wien et al., 1993 ). Transplant solutions containing P are recommended to commercial tomato growers ( Rosen and Eliason, 2005 ; University of Minnesota, 2016 ) and gardeners ( Rosen et al., 2008 ) for similar purposes: to provide ready access to early

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Jinrong Liu, W. Roland Leatherwood, and Neil S. Mattson

Vegetable transplants for consumer purchase represent an important segment of the U.S. bedding plant industry. In 2008, the wholesale value of this group was ≈$92 million for commercial floriculture growers in surveyed states that had $100,000 or