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Michelle Wirthensohn

chromatograph with flame ionisation detector analysis, and almond tocopherol measurements were based on alkaline saponification, hexane extraction, and high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array and fluorescence analyses. Twenty kernels of each

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Álvaro Fernández-Cuesta, Ossama Kodad, Rafel Socias i Company, and Leonardo Velasco

cultivars ( Socias i Company et al., 2008 ). Almond germplasm collections have been evaluated for variation in kernel quality traits such as oil content, fatty acid composition ( Kodad et al., 2011 ), and tocopherol content ( Kodad et al., 2006 ). However

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Rafel Socias i Company, Ossama Kodad, José M. Ansón, and José M. Alonso

tocopherols ( Table 3 ) is lower than in other cultivars ( Kodad et al., 2006 ), indicating the need for a rapid processing of kernels after cracking. The level of phytosterols ( Table 4 ) is also low as compared with other cultivars ( Fernández-Cuesta et al

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Ana Morales-Sillero, R. Jiménez, J.E. Fernández, A. Troncoso, and G. Beltrán

coefficient has been shown ( Beltrán et al., 2000 ). The oxidative stability parameter allows us to estimate the oil susceptibility to oxidative degeneration and is positively correlated with polyphenol content, tocopherol content, fatty acid composition

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Rafel Socias i Company, Ossama Kodad, José M. Alonso, and Antonio J. Felipe

high oil quality. The amount of tocopherol is lower than in other cultivars ( Kodad et al., 2006 ), indicating the need for rapid processing of kernels after cracking. Table 2. Chemical composition of ‘Mardía’ as compared with other cultivars

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J. Scott McElroy, James D. McCurdy, and Michael L. Flessner

biosynthesis of α-tocopherol and PQ ( Prysbilla et al., 1993 ). α-Tocopherol scavenges ROS that are detrimental to the thylakoid membrane ( Trebst et al., 2002 ). PQ transfers electrons from PS II to PS I reaction centers and is a cofactor in phytoene

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Maurizio Micheli, Daniel Fernandes da Silva, Daniela Farinelli, Graziana Agate, Rafael Pio, and Franco Famiani

tocopherols (with β-sitosterol and γ-tocopherol as the major sterol and tocopherol components, respectively) ( Djibril et al., 2015 ). It also contains vitamin E, phenols, and many triterpenoids of which azadirachtin is the most well known and studied ( Devi

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Leonardo Lombardini, Tina M. Waliczek, and Jayne M. Zajicek

saturated form), 9% protein, 4% sugar, 1.4% vitamin E (in the form of α-tocopherol), and less than 1% minerals (calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, copper, and manganese). Many respondents indicated, correctly, that pecans contain

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Mark G. Lefsrud, John C. Sorochan, Dean A. Kopsell, and J. Scott McElroy

variance of α-tocopherol (vitamin E), and 55% of the variance of ascorbate (vitamin C). Therefore, it is critical to consider both genetic and environmental influences when determining plant carotenoid accumulation. Nitrogen (N) is critical in plant

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Joshua J. Skelton, William Sharp, and Bruce E. Branham

dioxygenase of the biosynthesis pathway of plastoquinone and tocopherols ( Beaudegnies et al., 2009 ). Tocopherols are antioxidants that scavenge for damaging radicals, and plastoquinone is an electron carrier used in Photosystem II. The production of