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Victoria J. Ackroyd and Mathieu Ngouajio

carota ), tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ), and cucumber. Laboratory experiments have shown that compounds produced by brassica cover crops can inhibit weed seed germination ( Norsworthy and Meehan, 2005a , 2005b ; Norsworthy et al., 2006 ). Studies with

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Haiyan Zhang

most vulnerable phase of the plant to salinity stress usually occurs at germination and seedling stages. Thus, it is worthwhile to clear the influence mechanisms of salt stress on seed germination. Then suitable measures should be developed to improve

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Georgia Vlachou, Maria Papafotiou, and Konstantinos F. Bertsouklis

). The aim of the present work was to develop efficient protocols for seed and clonal propagation of C. nepeta to facilitate its introduction in the horticultural and pharmaceutical industry. Seed germination, as well as micropropagation starting with

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He Li and Donglin Zhang

. Unfortunately, seed germination of mountain laurel has been challenging for breeders. Mountain laurel seeds generally become fully mature in 5 months after fertilization ( Jaynes, 1988 ). Mature seeds only yield ≈30% to 40% of germination and often require up to

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Yung-I. Lee, Chia-Fu Lu, Mei-Chu Chung, Edward C. Yeung, and Nean Lee

Debergh, 1986a ), ultrasound ( Miyoshi and Mii, 1988 ), and chilling ( Chu and Mudge, 1994 ; Shimura and Koda, 2005 ). However, it is not clear whether the improvement in seed germination after various pretreatments is the result of a reduction in the

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Haiyan Zhang

to solve supply and demand, protect germplasm resource, and enrich genetic diversity of this species. Environmental factors such as light and temperature are known to affect seed germination in Asclepiadaceae family. Seeds of Calotropis procera and

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W. Roland Leatherwood, D. Mason Pharr, Lisa O. Dean, and John D. Williamson

concentration (to 40% and 5% at 50 and 100 m m NaCl, respectively) than Florida (to 60% and 25% at 50 and 100 m m NaCl, respectively). Fig. 1. Seed germination percentages of salt-tolerant species (‘Florida’ celery, ‘Ventura’ celery, and cabbage) and

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Michael W. Bairu, Manoj G. Kulkarni, Renée A. Street, Rofhiwa B. Mulaudzi, and Johannes Van Staden

-promoting substances, and watering frequencies on seed germination and seedling growth of A. ferox ; and 2) to assess the applicability of an in vitro propagation protocol developed for other Aloe spp. Materials and Methods Seed collection. Dried seeds of A. ferox

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Matthew D. Madsen, Michael A. Fidanza, Nicholas S. Barney, Stanley J. Kostka, Turmandakh Badrakh, and Mica F. McMillan

repellency within the seeds’ microsite ( Madsen et al., 2012 ). With hydrologic function restored around the seed, soil water infiltration, percolation, and retention is improved, which enhances seed germination and plant survival ( Moore et al., 2010

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Xiuli Shen and Myeong-Je Cho

contamination than using vegetative parts of plants. However, sugar pine seeds are difficult to germinate and are characterized by irregular germination from diverse sources ( Baron, 1978 ; Krugman, 1966 ). Seed germination is a complex process governed by