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propagation of 1-year-old pecan by rooting hardwood cuttings. They report that cuttings planted in substrate with bottom heat and treated with 0.09% napthaleneacetic acid was the most effective treatment, with 82% rooting, 8.3 roots/cutting, and root lengths

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James R. Schupp, Thomas M. Kon, and H. Edwin Winzeler

withdrawal from legal use ( Greene, 2002 ; McArtney, 2011 ). Two frequently used post-bloom chemical thinners for apple, the synthetic cytokinin 6-benzyladenine and the synthetic auxin 1-napthaleneacetic acid, produce some level of thinning over a range of

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Beatrice Nesi, Debora Trinchello, Sara Lazzereschi, Antonio Grassotti, and Barbara Ruffoni

for 15 min and rinsed twice with distilled sterile water. Scales were placed in a Murashige and Skoog (1962) (MS) basal medium supplemented with 2 mg·L −1 benzyladenine acid (BA), 0.2 mg·L −1 napthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 60 g·L −1 sucrose, 7 g

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Cameron Northcutt, Daniel Davies, Ron Gagliardo, Kylie Bucalo, Ron O. Determann, Jennifer M. Cruse-Sanders, and Gerald S. Pullman

one-third MS salts without hormones or with 0.5 μM (0.1 mg·L −1 ) 1-napthaleneacetic acid (NAA) ( Table 1 ). When S. purpurea single shoots or shoot clusters with or without roots were transferred to pre-moistened peatmoss in the greenhouse and

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Scott B. Lukas, Joseph DeFrank, Orville C. Baldos, and Glenn S. Sakamoto

ppm indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) + 137.5 ppm 1-napthaleneacetic acid (NAA) (Dip’N Grow; Dip’N Grow, Clackamas, OR)]. After the soaking period, 0.7 kg of fresh stems (1200 kg·ha −1 ) were evenly distributed on the soil surface across the center portion

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Asmita Paudel, Youping Sun, Larry A. Rupp, and Richard Anderson

1-napthaleneacetic acid (NAA) as Dip’N Grow (1% IBA, 0.5% NAA, Dip’N Grow, Clackamas, OR) in 25% ethanol following a quick-dip technique (5 s, 1 cm deep). The cuttings were stuck in a rooting substrate containing perlite (Hess perlite, Malad City, ID

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Fatih Ali Canli, Murat Sahin, Nurettin Temurtas, and Mustafa Pektas

effects of preharvest application of GA 3 , GA 3 + 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) + 1-napthaleneacetic acid (NAA), and GA 4+7 + BA on fruit size of small-fruited summer pear ( Pyrus communis ) varieties were studied ( Stern et al., 2007 ). While

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Christopher J. Currey, Roberto G. Lopez, Vijay K. Rapaka, James E. Faust, and Erik S. Runkle

-napthaleneacetic acid (NAA; Dip’N Grow Liquid Rooting Concentrate; Dip’N Grow, Clackamas, OR) or received no rooting hormone. Foliar spray applications (volume 0.20 L·m −2 ) of solutions containing 300 mg·L −1 non-ionic surfactant (CapSil) or solutions containing

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Youping Sun, Guihong Bi, Genhua Niu, and Christina Perez

, OR). At both locations, bigleaf hydrangea cuttings were treated as quick-dip with 1000 mg·L −1 indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) [1.0% IBA, 0.5% 1-napthaleneacetic acid, 98.5% inert ingredients (Dip’N Grow ® liquid rooting concentrate; Dip’N Grow

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Ajay Nair and Donglin Zhang

necessary to treat the cuttings with any fungicide before rooting hormone treatment. Curtis et al. (1996) also did not use any disinfectant for mountain camellia cuttings. In general, stewartias are free of any insect and disease problems. IBA and α-napthaleneacetic