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Kevin M. Heinz, Polly A. Harding, Maria Julissa Ek-Ramos, Heather Hernandez, Peter C. Krauter, and Gregory A. Sword

) can also be inoculated as endophytes within various monocot and dicot crops, including bean, wheat, corn, pumpkin, tomato, and cotton. Endophytic fungi enhance plant growth in some field crops ( Jaber and Enkerli, 2017 ; Vega et al., 2009 ); however

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Chun-hui Shi, Xiao-qing Wang, Xue-ying Zhang, Lian-ying Shen, Jun Luo, and Yu-xing Zhang

described by Jones et al. (1991) . Because of the high russeting coverage of the ‘Cuiguan’ pear peel, fruits were divided into eight grades according to the degree of rust: grade 0 (russet-free fruit), grade 1 (1% to 5% russeting), grade 2 (6% to 10

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Kalpana Sharma, Joyce L. Merritt, Aaron Palmateer, Erica Goss, Matthew Smith, Tim Schubert, Robert S. Johnson, and Ariena H.C. van Bruggen

. Examples include Puccinia hemerocallidis , the causal agent of daylily rust introduced in 2000 ( Buck and Ono, 2012 ), and Ralstonia solanacearum race 3, biovar 2, introduced on geranium cuttings in 2003 ( Momol, 2006 ). Dracaena was the ornamental

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Mark E. Herrington, Craig Hardner, Malcolm Wegener, Louella Woolcock, and Mark J. Dieters

et al., (2004) , who estimated additive and non-additive genetic parameters from clonally replicated and seedling progenies of Eucalyptus globulus from a partial diallel mating design, and Oakey et al. (2006) , who used a combination of wheat lines

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Ariadna Monroy-Barbosa and Paul W. Bosland

of southern New Mexico Phytophthora capsici Leon. isolates from pepper ( Capsicum annuum L.) Rev. Mex. Fitopatol. 22 82 89 Flor, H.H. 1955 Host-parasite interaction in flax rust-its genetic and other implications Phytopathology 45 680 685 Foster, J

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Cláudia S. da Costa Ribeiro and Paul W. Bosland

; Sy et al., 2008 ). Physiological races have been identified using cultivar differentials since 1919, when Stakman (1919) developed a scheme for race identification of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, the causal agent of wheat rust. For

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Yusuke Ii, Yuichi Uno, Michio Kanechi, and Noboru Inagaki

142 Fraaije, B.A. Lovell, D.J. Coelho, J.M. Baldwin, S. Hollomon, D.W. 2001 PCR-based assays to assess wheat varietal resistance to blotch ( Septoria tritici and Stagonospora nodorum ) and rust ( Puccinia striiformis and Puccinia recondita

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Bingqiang Wei, Lanlan Wang, Paul W. Bosland, Gaoyuan Zhang, and Ru Zhang

different traits in wheat [ Triticum aestivum ( Ullah et al., 2016 )], soybean [ Glycine max ( Wang and Gai, 1997 )], cotton [ Gossypium hirsutum ( Zhang et al., 2011 )], cucumber [ Cucumis sativus ( Liang et al., 2015 )], and pepper ( Yao et al., 2013

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Nathan Shoaf, Lori Hoagland, and Daniel S. Egel

of Phytophthora blight in bell pepper by a no-till wheat cover crop Phytopathology 87 242 249 Schnitzer, M.I. Monreal, C.M. Jandl, G. 2008 The conversion of chicken manure to bio-oil by fast pyrolysis. III. Analyses of chicken manure, bio-oils and

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Bryan K. Sales, David R. Bryla, Kristin M. Trippe, Jerry E. Weiland, Carolyn F. Scagel, Bernadine C. Strik, and Dan M. Sullivan

likely greater than the liming effect of the biochar ( Havlin et al., 2005 ; Robertson and Groffman, 2015 ). Likewise, van Zwieten et al. (2010) reported similar findings while investigating the effect of increasing rates of biochar and urea on wheat