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Theodore P. McAvoy and Joshua H. Freeman

films Phytoparasitica 34 491 501 Chow, E. 2009 An update on the development of TIF mulching films. Proc. 2009 Annu. Intl. Res. Conf. on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions Methyl Bromide Alternatives Outreach. 20 Jan. 2012. < http

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María Victoria Huitrón-Ramírez, Marcia Ricárdez-Salinas, and Francisco Camacho-Ferre

methyl bromide for cucurbits production in Morocco Proc. Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions Orlando, FL 60 Blestos, F.A. 2006 Grafting and calcium cyanamide as

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Jayesh B. Samtani, Husein A. Ajwa, Rachael E. Goodhue, Oleg Daugovish, Zahanghir Kabir, and Steven A. Fennimore

.A. 2008 Weeds 115 133 Strand L.L. Integrated pest management for strawberries 2nd Ed Univ. of California Integrated Pest Mgt Davis, CA De Cal, A. Martinez-Treceňo, A. Lopez-Aranda, J.M. Melgarejo, P. 2004 Chemical alternatives to methyl bromide in Spanish

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Dong Sub Kim, Mark Hoffmann, Steven Kim, Bertha A. Scholler, and Steven A. Fennimore

Bangarwa, S.K. Norsworthy, J.K. 2014 Purple nutsedge control with allyl isothiocyanate under virtually impermeable film mulch Weed Technol. 28 200 205 Bangarwa, S.K. Norsworthy, J.K. Gbur, E.E. 2012 Allyl isothiocyanate as a methyl bromide alternative for

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Christine M. Rainbolt, Jayesh B. Samtani, Steven A. Fennimore, Celeste A. Gilbert, Krishna V. Subbarao, James S. Gerik, Anil Shrestha, and Bradley D. Hanson

assays for Verticillium dahliae Phytopathology 67 1073 1078 Duniway, J.M. 2002 Status of chemical alternatives to methyl bromide for pre-plant fumigation of soil Phytopathology 92 1337 1343 Elmore, C.L. MacDonald, J.D. Ferris, H. Chase, A. Ajwa, H. Robb

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Judy A. Thies, Sharon Buckner, Matthew Horry, Richard Hassell, and Amnon Levi

identify accessions with wide genetic diversity that might be useful for the development of improved C. lanatus var. citroides hybrid rootstocks that could improve performance for grafted watermelons and provide an alternative for methyl bromide

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Lijia Shi, Jinghui Wang, Zhifeng Gao, Xin Zhao, Francesco Di Gioia, Haichao Guo, Jason Hong, Monica Ozores-Hampton, and Erin Rosskopf

effective soil disinfestation in horticultural crop production ( Butler et al., 2014 ). With the phase-out of methyl bromide, as part of the Montreal Protocol to reduce ozone depletion, research has focused on developing alternative chemical and biological

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Charles E. Barrett, Xin Zhao, and Alan W. Hodges

fumigation with methyl bromide ( King et al., 2008 ). Since the price of methyl bromide is increasing and the price of grafted plants is decreasing, vegetable grafting may be an economically viable method of disease control in the United States. The continued

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Michelle M. Leinfelder and Ian A. Merwin

This research was supported by USDA–IREE Methyl Bromide Alternatives projects NYC-145560 and 145-530, and by CSREES project NYC-145409. The authors thank Gennaro Fazio and George Hudler for critical reviews of the manuscript.

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J.A. Thies, J.D. Mueller, and R.L. Fery

The southern root-knot nematode [Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood] is a serious pest of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Currently, methyl bromide is used for nematode control, but the pending withdrawal of this fumigant from the United States market has resulted in a need for effective alternative root-knot nematode management measures. We evaluated the effectiveness of resistance of `Carolina Cayenne' relative to the susceptible genotypes `Early Calwonder' and PA-136 in greenhouse, microplot, and field studies. In all tests, `Carolina Cayenne' exhibited exceptionally high resistance (minimal galling, minimal nematode reproduction, and no yield reduction) to M. incognita; `Early Calwonder' and PA-136 were highly susceptible. In a test conducted in a heavily infested field, `Carolina Cayenne' outyielded PA-136 by 339%. The exceptionally high resistance exhibited by `Carolina Cayenne' provides an alternative to methyl bromide and other fumigant nematicides for managing root-knot nematodes in pepper.