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Ryo Matsuda, Chieri Kubota, M. Lucrecia Alvarez, and Guy A. Cardineau

( Alvarez et al., 2006 ; Mason et al., 1998 ), alternative polyadenylation signals ( Richter et al., 2000 ), specific subcellular targeting signals ( Alvarez et al., 2010 ; Richter et al., 2000 ), and suppression of gene silencing ( Alvarez et al., 2008

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Alexis K. Nagel, Hetal Kalariya, and Guido Schnabel

using phloem channels will spread relatively quickly within the plant. It has been reported that phloem-mobile gene-silencing signals are distributed systemically within a few days in tomato ( Voinnet et al., 1998 ), and in herbaceous heterografts, 3

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Guo-qing Song, Aaron E. Walworth, and Wayne H. Loescher

, K. Li, T.Z. Harada, T. 2011 Mobile signal transported over a long distance induces systemic transcriptional gene silencing in a grafted partner J. Expt. Bot. 62 4561 4570 Banerjee, A.K. Chatterjee, M. Yu, Y.Y. Suh, S.G. Miller, W.A. Hannapel, D

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Ting Lei, Yang Song, Xuehua Jin, Tianyu Su, and Yiwen Pu

Endogenous post-transcriptional gene silencing of flavone synthase resulting in high accumulation of anthocyanins in black dahlia cultivars Planta 237 1325 1335 Deguchi, A. Tatsuzawa, F. Hosokawa, M. Doi, M. Ohno, S. 2015 Tobacco streak virus (strain dahlia

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Lili Dong, Tongrui Liu, Di Gao, Jing Li, and Jie Qian

after germination and were grown in a growth chamber. The number of rosette branches (bud length ≥ 10 mm) and the height of the main stems were scored for phenotype analysis. Construction and transformation of virus-induced gene silencing (vigs) vector

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Dineshkumar Selvaraj, Sherif Sherif, Mohd Sabri Pak Dek, Gopinadhan Paliyath, Islam El-Sharkawy, and Jayasankar Subramanian

correlated with anthocyanin accumulation of blood-flesh peach ( Jiao et al., 2014 ). In addition, the silencing of CHS in tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ) fruit by virus-induced gene silencing has also shifted the characteristic orange color of tomato fruit

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Yihua Chen, Peng Jiang, Shivegowda Thammannagowda, Haiying Liang, and H. Dayton Wilde

as a genetic model is the lack of an efficient transformation system for conducting functional genomics. There are alternative approaches being developed for the analysis of genes in peach. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is being investigated in

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James D. McCreight and William M. Wintermantel

exhibited CuLCrV symptoms was lower: 67% and 28% of ‘Top Mark’ and PI 313970, respectively (F 2 : 52%, BC TM : 54%, BC PI : 9%). Several cultivated cucurbit species exhibited recovery, most likely mediated by gene silencing and methylation. This was

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Daofeng Liu, Jing Ma, Jianfeng Yang, Tien V. Nguyen, Huamin Liu, Renwei Huang, Shunzhao Sui, and Mingyang Li

functions. For example, SSR variations in 5′-UTRs may regulate gene expression by affecting gene transcription or regulation; SSRs found in 3′-UTRs are involved in gene silencing and transcription slippage; intronic SSRs can affect gene transcription, mRNA

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Ryo Matsuda and Chieri Kubota

-independent reversion of F1-V gene silencing in tomato Plant Mol. Biol. 68 61 79 Carrari, F. Baxter, C. Usadel, B. Urbanczyk-Wochniak, E. Zanor, M.-I. Nunes-Nesi, A. Nikiforova, V. Centero, D. Ratzka, A. Pauly, M. Sweetlove, L.J. Fernie, A.R. 2006 Integrated