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Shin Hiratsuka, Yuka Yokoyama, Hiroshi Nishimura, Takayuki Miyazaki, and Kazuyoshi Nada

; Quebedeaux and Chollet, 1975 ). However, in fleshy fruit, the subepidermal layers contain chlorophyll during the early developmental stages, and photosynthesis is confirmed in some plant species. CO 2 exchange through the epidermis has been best documented

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Dean A. Kopsell, Kimberly J. Whitlock, Carl E. Sams, and David E. Kopsell

concentrations of carotenoids, leafy specialty crops also contain high chlorophyll pigment concentrations ( Ferruzzi and Blakeslee, 2007 ; Kopsell et al., 2004 ). Dietary chlorophyll may be nutritionally important in the reduction of intestinal absorption of

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Marc W. van Iersel, Geoffrey Weaver, Michael T. Martin, Rhuanito S. Ferrarezi, Erico Mattos, and Mark Haidekker

all photons absorbed by chlorophyll and accessory pigments are used to drive the light reactions. Excess absorbed photons can cause damage within the chloroplast. The reaction center of PSII, particularly the D1 protein, is highly susceptible to light

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Yun-wen Wang, Bruce L. Dunn, Daryl B. Arnall, and Pei-sheng Mao

scheduling. Nitrogen is an essential element for plant growth and determines plant quality by affecting leaf weight, leaf area, leaf chlorophyll content, plant size, and transpiration rate ( Bar-Tal et al., 2001 ; Van Iersel et al., 1998a , 1998b

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Chenping Xu and Beiquan Mou

/water used or ET. Leaf discs were collected using a cork borer from the four largest leaves of each plant to measure relative water content (RWC), SLA, succulence, chlorophyll content, and nutritional values. SLA was calculated as: SLA = leaf area/DW ( Evans

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Guo-qing Song, Hideo Honda, and Ken-ichi Yamaguchi

genes can help to minimize the public concerns about the impact of transgene expression on food safety in nontargeted storage roots. Light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding protein promoters are an important source for leaf-specific promoters ( Churin

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Shawn A. Mehlenbacher and Maxine M. Thompson

A chlorophyll deficiency expressed as yellowing of leaves was observed in hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) progenies. Segregation ratios approximated 3 green: 1 yellow, indicating control by a single recessive gene designated chlorophyll deficient #1, for which the symbol c, is proposed. `Barcelona', `Butler', `Compton', `Lansing', Willamette', and the ornamental selection `Redleaf #3' are heterozygous. Pedigree analysis strongly suggests that all heteroxygotes inherited the recessive allele from `Barcelona'. A cross of `Barcelona' with the yellow-leafed ornamental Corylus avellana L. var. aurea Kirchn. produced no yellow-leafed seedlings, indicating that the chlorophyll deficiencies from these two sources are controlled by different loci. Progenies segregating simultaneously for this trait and the gene controlling presence of anthocyanin indicated that the two traits are inherited independently. Seedlings deficient in chlorophyll but with anthocyanin were able to survive under field conditions, while leaves of yellow-leafed seedlings lacking anthocyanin became scorched and the trees died.

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Joshua D. Butcher, Charles P. Laubscher, and Johannes C. Coetzee

Chlorophyll is vital for the process of photosynthesis to occur in both higher and lower plants ( Konica Minolta, 2015 ). Chlorophyll is an accumulation point for increased levels of nitrogen in plants, observation of the chlorophyll content within

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Mark W. Farnham and Dean A. Kopsell

-rings, and lutein as well as α-carotene are carotenoids with one β-ring and one ɛ-ring ( Cunningham, 2002 ). In plants, carotenoids span thylakoid membranes of chlorophyll (Chl) complexes and function in accessory roles for light harvesting, photoprotection

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Maurizio Mulas and Rita A.M. Melis

demonstrated. The content of chlorophyll a and b , tannins, and polyphenols of myrtle leaves and myrtle liqueurs are important attributes. In particular, chlorophylls ( a and b ) give an attractive pale green color to myrtle liqueur, tannins are