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Robin G. Brumfield and Burhan Ozkan

influences agrarian transition, health, and economic development. Gender analysis is important because efficiency and productivity are increased when programs are targeted to the actual users ( Nyakudya et al., 2006 ). A gender analysis of two private

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Neal Mays, Curt Richard Rom, Kristofor R. Brye, Mary C. Savin, and M. Elena Garcia

physical, chemical, and biological condition of soil and minimize soil erosion”; 2) to “manage crop nutrients and soil fertility through rotations, cover crops, and the application of plant and animal materials”; and 3) to “manage plant and animal materials

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N. Mays, K.R. Brye, Curt R. Rom, M. Savin, and M.E. Garcia

the physical, chemical, and biological condition of soil and minimize soil erosion”; 2) to “manage crop nutrients and soil fertility through rotations, cover crops, and the application of plant and animal materials”; and 3) to “manage plant and animal

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Jennifer Reeve and Dan Drost

available N but have the same narrowly defined N:P ratio that many composts do. Overfertilization in high tunnels can reduce plant health, increase disease or insect problems, and lead to the buildup of excessive soluble salts and nutrient levels ( Magdoff

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Patricia Millner, Sara Reynolds, Xiangwu Nou, and Donald Krizek

pelletized poultry litter with carefully timed applications. The recognized presence of pathogenic microbes of public health importance in raw animal manure ( Table 1 ) ( Bowman, 2009 ; Cooper et al., 2007 ) requires that use of raw or composted manure in

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Jennifer Moore-Kucera, Anita Nina Azarenko, Lisa Brutcher, Annie Chozinski, David D. Myrold, and Russell Ingham

“capacity of a soil to function within ecosystem boundaries to sustain biological productivity, maintain environmental quality, and promote plant anchorage and animal health” ( Doran et al., 1996 ). Implied soil functions include the capacity to supply

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Bhimanagouda S. Patil, G.K. Jayaprakasha, and Amit Vikram

. These protective effects are attributed to bioactive compounds such as carotenoids, flavonoids, and other phenylpropanoids, which are present in FAV. Recently, health-maintaining properties of some of the bioactive compounds were reviewed ( Patil et al

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Angela Y.Y. Kong, Cynthia Rosenzweig, and Joshua Arky

depleted, rooftop farms rely on external inputs to maintain their productivity. Nitrogen, a key nutrient, can be introduced through the sole or combined additions of synthetic fertilizers and organic amendments, such as composted animal manure, composted

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Carl J. Rosen and Deborah L. Allan

production. We define, but do not limit, organic nutrient sources acceptable for organic production as natural, carbon (C)-containing, free from prohibited substances, nonsynthetic materials such as fresh or composted plant and animal material and green

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Sharon J.B. Knewtson, Jason J. Griffin, and Edward E. Carey

) between batches and alleviate human health concerns about pathogens ( Kannangara et al., 2006 ) in compost tea. A class of microbial teas was developed by Teruo Higa, Professor of Horticulture at the University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan, and contains