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instruction. Capillary wick irrigation provides similar fertilizer and water use efficiencies as other no-leach irrigation methods Although it is well known that no-leach irrigation methods such as ebb-and-flow subirrigation conserve water and reduce

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Andrew Koeser, Sarah T. Lovell, Michael Evans, and J. Ryan Stewart

biocontainers in their operations. Although not the focus of this work, water reclamation in horticulture can be effectively implemented through the adoption of an ebb-and-flood (subirrigation) system which recirculates water and fertilizer runoff ( Dole et al

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Rebecca A. Schnelle and James E. Barrett

perennials, and flowering woody crops ( Barrett and Nell, 1992 ; Gent, 2004 ; Gibson and Groninger, 2006 ; Ranwala et al., 2005 ; Starman and Williams, 2000 ). Paclobutrazol is highly active when applied as a foliar spray, drench, or subirrigation

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Martin P.N. Gent, Wade H. Elmer, Kranti Macherla, and Richard J. McAvoy

; however, studies have shown over-watering by 10% to 30% is recommended to prevent salinity buildup in the root medium ( Mastalerz, 1977 ). By comparison, subirrigation, and in particular ebb and flow, systems use water more efficiently ( Dole et al., 1994

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Scott Henderson, David Gholami, and Youbin Zheng

prongs close to the center of the container. There were 30 containers, each with one moisture sensor. The 30 containers were evenly distributed across three subirrigation tables (1.6 m × 4.3 m). There were ≈680 containers in total on each table and 10

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Cody J. Stewart, S. Christopher Marble, Brian J. Pearson, and P. Christopher Wilson

precludes determination of weed response trends and commercial application recommendations. Irrigation method. Various irrigation systems have been developed and evaluated for use in nursery crops, including subirrigation, overhead systems, and drip or micro

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Genhua Niu, Minzi Wang, Denise Rodriguez, and Donglin Zhang

salinity increased with the salinity of irrigation. The magnitude of the increase in leachate salinity was much smaller compared with that in subirrigation, which resulted in the differences in survival or mortality rates in these plants. Based on survival

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Mariateresa Cardarelli, Youssef Rouphael, Elvira Rea, Luigi Lucini, Marco Pellizzoni, and Giuseppe Colla

before transplanting, whereas the postplant fertilization was based on the application of organic based-fluid fertilizers (Trainer and Myr line; Italpollina S.p.A.) through a subirrigation system (fertigation). The nutrient solution used in the standard

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Raquel Valdés, Julián Miralles, Jesús Ochoa, Sebastián Bañón, and María Jesús Sánchez-Blanco

the substrate is often associated with subirrigation than overhead irrigation ( Kang and van Iersel, 2009 ; Rouphael and Colla, 2009 ). Other reports using drip irrigation showed the EC S to be higher in the upper layer than in the underlying layers

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to Overhead Mist Overhead mist is an important tool for propagation, but it has drawbacks, and not all growers have or want permanent overhead mist systems. Peterson et al. (p. 143) compared overhead mist to subirrigation, subfog aeroponic and