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Engin Ertan, Esra Erdal, Gülsüm Alkan, and Burak E. Algül

), Sclerotinia sp., and Gibberella sp. ( Donis-Gonzalez et al., 2009a ). Chestnut quality is measured by external factors such as color, shape, size, surface blemishes, and molds, which are very important for consumer acceptance. Internal disorders may result

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Don C. Elfving, Stephen R. Drake, A. Nathan Reed, and Dwayne B. Visser

ethylene by competing for the binding sites for ethylene in the fruit, thereby slowing ethylene-dependent stimulation of fruit ripening, tissue softening, scald development, loss of acids, volatile production, and fruit breakdown during storage ( Binder and

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Clara Pelayo-Zaldívar, Jameleddine Ben Abda, Susan E. Ebeler, and Adel A. Kader

samples. Quantification was carried out by comparing peak areas of analyte to that of 2,6-dimethyl-5-heptenal added at 280 nL·L −1 as the internal standard to the strawberry samples ( Ulrich et al., 1995 ). Statistical analysis. SAS (version 7

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Peter M.A. Toivonen

’, and ‘Braeburn’]. The maturity of the apples at harvest were reported using starch index values (‘Empire’, ‘Crispin’, ‘Delicious’, ‘Idared’, ‘Law Rome’) or internal ethylene concentrations (‘Empire’, ‘Crispin’, ‘Delicious’, ‘Idared’, ‘Law Rome

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Geralyn A. Nolan, Amy L. McFarland, Jayne M. Zajicek, and Tina M. Waliczek

-to-administer tool for assessing fruit and vegetable preferences” ( Domel et al., 1993a ) and reported internal consistency reliabilities of α = 0.70 for the vegetable portion of the questionnaire, α = 0.73 for the fruit portion of the questionnaire and α = 0

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Benjamín Moreno, Cristián Jacob, Marlene Rosales, Christian Krarup, and Samuel Contreras

taste, presence of yellowish bands in the flesh, low flesh firmness, internal flesh breakdown, and a fibrous texture ( Davis et al., 2008a , 2008b ; Kyriacou and Soteriou, 2015 ; Rouphael et al., 2010 ). However, none of these problems were observed

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James M. Meyers, Gavin L. Sacks, and Justine E. Vanden Heuvel

acid buffer (adjusted with sodium hydroxide to a pH of 2.5) and incubated at 100 °C for 1 h to hydrolyze the glycosides. 2-Octanol was added to the cooled solution to serve as an internal standard at a target concentration of 250 μg·L −1 . A fresh SPE

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Pablo Velasco, Pilar Soengas, Marta Vilar, Maria Elena Cartea, and Mercedes del Rio

0.3 M lead acetate, 120 μL of water, and 12 μL of glucotropaeolin as internal standard were added. To desulfate glucosinolates on the column, 10 μL of water and 10 μL of sulfatase (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis) solution were added to each column and the

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Steven A. Sargent, Adrian D. Berry, Jeffrey G. Williamson, and James W. Olmstead

containers reduce mechanical injury during storage for two reasons: inside surfaces are smooth and a restricted number of vent openings limit air movement within the clamshell, creating a favorable high-RH internal environment (≈90%). In contrast, in the 1987

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Alexa J. Lamm, Laura A. Warner, Peyton Beattie, Abraham Tidwell, Paul R. Fisher, and Sarah A. White

-developed internal pore structure that is manufactured using chemical activation or high-temperature steam activation. Activated carbons are manufactured from coir, peat, hard and soft wood, coal, and various other specialty carbonaceous materials ( Bhatnagar et al