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Lara Abou Chehade, Marco Fontanelli, Luisa Martelloni, Christian Frasconi, Michele Raffaelli and Andrea Peruzzi

production more profitable by reducing the losses and costs above all of weed control, thus, releasing time and labor to be used elsewhere in production ( Melander et al., 2005 ). Weeds limit crop yield and quality, and weed control is one of the most

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Anil Shrestha, S. Kaan Kurtural, Matthew W. Fidelibus, Geoffrey Dervishian and Srinivasa Konduru

period is marked by an increase in weed populations when the transition is managed by growers who are accustomed to using synthetic herbicides to control weeds ( Martini et al., 2004 ). Few organically acceptable herbicides have been shown to be

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Robert E. Uhlig, George Bird, Robert J. Richardson and Bernard H. Zandstra

application with a rototiller. The plots were not tarped. Results and Discussion All the treatments controlled 80% to 100% of annual weeds, except IM 50% + CP 50% (200 lb/acre, tarped) and MS (1:4 water, 75 gal/acre, not tarped), which had poor control of

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Xi Xiong, Ken Diesburg and Daniel T. Lloyd

control of winter weeds on zoysiagrass turf ( Harrell et al., 2005 ; Johnson, 1980 ; Vargas and Turgeon, 2004 ). However, the main strategy adopted by golf course superintendents in this region is winter application of the non-selective herbicide

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Timothy Coolong

the completion of the study, all aboveground growth from weeds located in a 6.5-ft section in the center of each plot, measuring the entire width of a plot (≈2 ft), was harvested and dried in an oven at 75 °C for 1 week to obtain weed biomass. At

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Ethan T. Parker, J. Scott McElroy and Michael L. Flessner

Smooth crabgrass and goosegrass are problematic weeds in creeping bentgrass in the transition zone, an area that rests between the southern United States where warm-season grasses dominate, and the northern United States where cool-season grasses

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Bert M. Cregg and Robert Schutzki

the effect of mulch and weed control on shrub growth, photosynthetic gas exchange, foliar nutrition, soil moisture, soil pH, and populations of common weeds. Materials and Methods Site and treatments. The study was installed in Aug. 2004

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Francesco Di Gioia, Monica Ozores-Hampton, Jason Hong, Nancy Kokalis-Burelle, Joseph Albano, Xin Zhao, Zack Black, Zhifeng Gao, Chris Wilson, John Thomas, Kelly Moore, Marilyn Swisher, Haichao Guo and Erin N. Rosskopf

Soilborne fungal pathogens, nematodes, and weeds represent some of the most important biotic factors limiting vegetable crop production and profitability in the world. After the phaseout of methyl bromide, although other chemical soil fumigants (CSF

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Raymond Kruse and Ajay Nair

occupies the soil for the preceding part of the season, weeds can grow and contribute large amounts of seeds to the soil weed seed bank ( Kumar et al., 2009 ). During this summer fallow season, many midwestern U.S. vegetable growers manage weeds by means of

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Virender Kumar, Daniel C. Brainard and Robin R. Bellinder

Cover crops improve soil health and can be beneficial for weed management by suppressing weeds at different stages. During the cover crop growth period, cover crops can reduce weed growth and seed production through direct competition or