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Michelle DaCosta and Bingru Huang

(APX), peroxidase (POD), and α tocopherol; and 2) production of enzymes that regenerate oxidized antioxidants such as glutathione, glutathione reductase, ascorbate, and ascorbate reductase ( Smirnoff, 1993 ). Accumulation of AOS results in increased

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Joyce W. Ngure, Chunyan Cheng, Shuqiong Yang, Qunfeng Lou, Ji Li, Chuntao Qian, Jie Chen, and Jinfeng Chen

( Helianthus annuus ) seeds Physiol. Plant. 117 179 185 Matthaus, B. Vosmann, K. Pham, L.Q. Aitzetmüller, K. 2003 FA and tocopherol composition of Vietnamese oil seeds J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc. 80 1013 1020 Mootoosamy, A. Fawzi, M.M. 2014 Ethnomedicinal

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Adrienne E. Kleintop, James R. Myers, Dimas Echeverria, Henry J. Thompson, and Mark A. Brick

collagen accumulation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats ( Pari and Venkateswaran, 2003 ). Both dry and snap bean cultivars contain a number of secondary compounds with potential health benefits including vitamin C, carotenoids, tocopherols, and

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Allan F. Brown, Gad G. Yousef, Ivette Guzman, Kranthi K. Chebrolu, Dennis J. Werner, Mike Parker, Ksenija Gasic, and Penelope Perkins-Veazie

Concentrations of proanthocyanidins in common foods and estimations of normal consumption J. Nutr. 134 613 617 Guzman, I. Yousef, G.G. Brown, A.F. 2012 Simultaneous extraction and quantitation of carotenoids, chlorophylls, and tocopherols in Brassica vegetables

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Ying Qu, Xue Bai, Yajun Zhu, Rui Qi, Geng Tian, Yang Wang, Yonghua Li, and Kaiming Zhang

, carotenoids, tocopherols, and phenolic compounds (including flavonoids and anthocyanins) also serve as antioxidants and contribute to protection against ROS. The ascorbate-glutathione cycle involves APX, dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), glutathione reductase

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Howard F. Harrison Jr, Trevor R. Mitchell, Joseph K. Peterson, W. Patrick Wechter, George F. Majetich, and Maurice E. Snook

antioxidant potential is greater than that of tocopherol ( Kimura et al., 1984 ; Murata et al., 1995 ; Robards et al., 1999 ). On a molecular basis, oxidative activity increases in proportion to the number of caffeoyl residues in the molecule ( Murata et al

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Xiang Wang, Rajeev Arora, Harry T. Horner, and Stephen L. Krebs

cells against the photo-oxidative damage through antioxidants such as tocopherols, ascorbate, and glutathione ( Niyogi, 1999 ). Recent studies with several overwintering evergreens—rhododendron ( R. catawbiense ), subalpine fir [ Abies lasiocarpa (Hook

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Kathleen G. Haynes, Beverly A. Clevidence, David Rao, Bryan T. Vinyard, and J. Marion White

. Hausman, J.-F. Evers, D. Larondelle, Y. 2007 Antioxidant profiling of native Andean potato tubers ( Solanum tuberosum L.) reveals cultivars with high levels of β-carotene, α-tocopherol, chlorogenic acid, and petanin J. Agr

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Kathleen G. Haynes, Beverly A. Clevidence, David Rao, and Bryan T. Vinyard

( Solanum tuberosum L.) reveals cultivars with high levels of β-carotene, α-tocopherol, chlorogenic acid, and petanin J. Agr. Food Chem. 55 10839 10849 Bamberg, J.B. del Rio, A. 2005 Conservation of genetic resources 1 38 Razdan M.K. Mattoo A.K. Genetic

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Dean A. Kopsell and Carl E. Sams

photosynthetic bacterial Rhodopseudomonas palustris Bioresour. Technol. 113 315 318 Kurilich, A.C. Tsau, G.J. Brown, A. Howard, L. Klein, B.P. Jeffery, E.H. Kushad, M. Wallig, M.A. Juvik, J.A. 1999 Carotene, tocopherol, and ascorbate contents in subspecies of