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Haiyan Zhao, Haiying Liang, Yibing Chu, Congcong Sun, Ning Wei, Mengnan Yang, and Caixia Zheng

plants is the excessive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as O 2 • – , H 2 O 2 , •OH, and 1 O 2 ( Apel and Hirt, 2004 ). Salt damage can seriously disrupt normal metabolism through oxidative damage to proteins, lipid, DNA, and

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Ossama Kodad, José M. Alonso, María T. Espiau, Gloria Estopañán, Teresa Juan, and Rafel Socias i Company

breeding program has incorporated the chemical quality criteria in the evaluation of the new cultivars ( Socias i Company et al., 2009 ). The high nutritive value of almond kernels arises mainly from their high lipid content, which constitutes an important

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Tao Hu, Haiying Yi, Longxing Hu, and Jinmin Fu

lipid peroxidation, stomatal limitation, and metabolism disorders ( Niu et al., 1995 ; Schachtman et al., 1991 ). However, there are still debates on the contribution of stomatal and metabolic limitations to the photosynthetic decline caused by salt

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Qiang Liu and Yiwei Jiang

measured using the method of Bradford (1976) . The activities of SOD, CAT, POD, and APX were assayed by using the methods of Zhang and Kirkham (1996) with minor modifications ( Liu and Jiang, 2015 ). Lipid peroxidation was measured in terms of MDA

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Lisa Tang, Shweta Chhajed, Tripti Vashisth, Mercy A. Olmstead, James W. Olmstead, and Thomas A. Colquhoun

burst (GO:0045730), oxygen and ROS metabolic process (GO:0006800), hydrogen peroxide metabolic process (GO:0042743), and lipid oxidation (GO:0034440) ( Table 2 ). In addition, a number of DEGs related to antioxidant activity were upregulated at 3 DAT

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Zhiguo Ju, Yousheng Duan, and Zhiqiang Ju

Effects of different plant oils (soybean oil, corn oil, olive oil, peanut oil, linseed oil, and cotton seed oil) and oil component emulsions on scald development in `Delicious' apples were studied. Prestorage treatment with commercial plant oils reduced scald development, but was not as effective as 2000 mg•L-1 diphenylamine (DPA) after 6 months of cold storage. Different oil components played different roles in affecting scald. At 6% or 9% concentrations, neutral lipids (mono-, di-, and tri-acylglycerols), and phospholipids inhibited scald to the same level of 2000 mg•L-1 DPA treatment. Free fatty acids partially reduced scald, while α-tocopherol at 3% or higher concentrations accelerated scald development. There were no differences in scald inhibition between unsaturated neutral lipids and saturated neutral lipids or among the different acylated neutral lipids. When α-tocopherol was stripped from plant oils, the stripped plant oils at 6% or 9% controlled scald to the same level of 2000 mg•L-1 DPA treatment. Emulsions of 6% or 9% neutral lipids, phospholipids, or stripped plant oils did not induce greasiness on fruit skin. Fruit treated with lipids, phospholipids, or stripped plant oils looked greener and fresher compared with the control by the end of storage.

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Suping Zhou, Marsha Palmer, Jing Zhou, Sarabjit Bhatti, Kevin J. Howe, Tara Fish, and Theodore W. Thannhauser

, stress proteins; Group 2, gene expression; Group 3, nascent protein processing and protein folding; Group 4, protein degradation; Group 5, carbohydrate metabolism; Group 6, amino acid and nucleotide metabolism; Group 7, lipid metabolism; Group 8, ATPases

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Erick Amombo, Longxing Hu, Jibiao Fan, Zhengrong Hu, and Jinmin Fu

oxidative damage, lipid peroxidation, bp modifications and sugar fragmentation in nucleic acids, and eventually cell death ( Palmer and Paulson, 1997 ). Plants have evolved different enzymatic and nonenzymatic scavenging mechanisms for ROS regulation

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Hazel Y. Wetzstein and S. Edward Law

). Histochemical and biochemical analyses of the stigmatic exudate show that it is heterogeneous and composed of lipids, polysaccharides, and proteins. Cresti et al. (1982) evaluated the stigma of Citrus limon and using SEM evaluations of fresh tissues

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Ao Liu, Jibiao Fan, Margaret Mukami Gitau, Liang Chen, and Jinmin Fu

according to Duncan’s multiple range tests. Membrane injury and lipid peroxidation. MDA and EL can be used as efficient indicators of lipid peroxidation, which further reflects the extent of damage of cell membrane ( Södergren et al., 2001 ; Whitlow et al