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Kaori Ando and Rebecca Grumet

highly abundant transcripts (present at >0.15% of total EST reads) are listed in Table 3 . The predicted functions included latex-related proteins, and proteins associated with lipids, growth, protein synthesis, defense, phloem transport, and

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Ustun Sahin, Melek Ekinci, Fatih Mehmet Kiziloglu, Ertan Yildirim, Metin Turan, Recep Kotan, and Selda Ors

oven at 70 °C for 48 h to obtain dry weight (DW). Values of FW, TW, and DW were used to determine the LRWC using the following equation: Lipid peroxidation (measurement of MDA). Lipid peroxidation was estimated by determining the MDA contents according

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Cui-ping Hua, Zhong-kui Xie, Zhi-jiang Wu, Yu-bao Zhang, Zhi-hong Guo, Yang Qiu, Le Wang, and Ya-jun Wang

stress and lipid peroxidation of lily roots, increased the content of H 2 O 2 and MDA, and induced the changes of activities of antioxygen protective enzymes and the content of total phenol. Other research demonstrates the phytotoxicity of PA, which

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Naveen Kumar and Robert C. Ebel

proposed that CMNP-induced lipid signaling in FT promotes abscission in calyx AZ ( Alferez et al., 2005 ). CMNP-mediated higher levels of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and LOX activities were observed in FT ( Alferez et al., 2005 ). However, inhibitory studies

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S. Mark Goodwin, Christopher J. Edwards, Matthew A. Jenks, and Karl V. Wood

, whereas ‘Mister Lincoln” and ‘Knockout’ were reported as highly resistant ( Holcomb and Raiford, 2001 ; Hong et al., 2001 ). For all cuticle lipid analysis, the central, terminal leaflets were excised from newly expanded leaves at the third node from the

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Yiwei Jiang, Eric Watkins, Shuwei Liu, Xiaoqing Yu, and Na Luo

species (ROS), potentially causing oxidative injury to proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Plants have evolved enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant defense systems for scavenging and detoxifying ROS ( Mittler, 2002 ). In enzymatic systems, superoxide

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Elvia Hernández-Gómez, Luis A. Valdez-Aguilar, Ana M. Castillo-González, María T. Colinas-León, Donita L. Cartmill, Andrew D. Cartmill, and R. Hugo Lira-Saldívar

. At optimum supplementation, N stimulates growth, delays senescence, modifies plant morphology, increases protein synthesis, and chloroplast formation as well as the concentration of chlorophylls, carotenoids, vitamins, and lipids in leaves ( Marschner

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Michele R. Warmund

cells were present near the distal position of the larval chamber and five layers of cells at the proximal part of the gall in cross-section. Large, intact nutritive cells had large nuclei and nucleoli ( Fig. 8 ). Numerous lipid bodies, mitochondria, and

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José Luis Chaves-Gómez, Alba Marina Cotes-Prado, Sandra Gómez-Caro, and Hermann Restrepo-Díaz

water potential. In addition, the level of lipid peroxidation of cell membranes and amino acid contents such as proline increase ( Dong et al., 2012 ; Nogués et al., 2002 ; Sun et al., 2017 ; Wang et al., 2012 ). FOph management in cape gooseberry has

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Yung-I. Lee, Chia-Fu Lu, Mei-Chu Chung, Edward C. Yeung, and Nean Lee

the same time, protein and lipid bodies were formed and accumulated within the embryo proper. At 180 DAP, the mature embryo filled with storage products that was only six cells long and five to six cells wide ( Fig. 3D ). Apical meristems and cotyledon